Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 bc and fell to the Persians in 539.
(Placename) the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians
Bab•y•lo•ni•a(ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə)
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||Babylonia - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)|
battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC