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 (băb′ə-lō′nē-ə, -lōn′yə)
An ancient empire of Mesopotamia in the Euphrates River valley. It flourished under Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar II but declined after 562 bc and fell to the Persians in 539.


(Placename) the southern kingdom of ancient Mesopotamia: a great empire from about 2200–538 bc, when it was conquered by the Persians


(ˌbæb əˈloʊ ni ə, -ˈloʊn yə)

any of a succession of states, having Babylon as their principal city, that existed in S Mesopotamia between c1900 b.c. and 539 b.c.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Babylonia - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
battle of Cunaxa, Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Mesopotamia - the land between the Tigris and Euphrates; site of several ancient civilizations; part of what is now known as Iraq
Babylon - the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
Sumer - an area in the southern region of Babylonia in present-day Iraq; site of the Sumerian civilization of city-states that flowered during the third millennium BC
References in classic literature ?
For now with respect to the number just spoken of, it must be acknowledged that he would want the country of Babylonia for them, or some one like it, of an immeasurable extent, to support five thousand idle persons, besides a much greater number of women and servants.
In 586 BCE, Babylonia conquered Jerusalem, destroyed the Hebrew temple and scattered many of the city's Jews into exile, including in Babylon.
He died in Babylonia, the present day Iraq, in 323 B.
The group is looking at interesting archaeological artefacts of the past, such as: the Alfred Jewel, Babylonia battery and King John's Treasure.
Alexander died in 323 BC, at the age of 32, in Babylonia, and his body was supposed to have been transported to Alexandria for burial.
P4, the synthesis, will draw from each of these sub-projects to present a comparative study of the Second Temple and contemporary Babylonian models of cultic and social organization, and to propose a strategy of research into the possible routes of transmission between Babylonia and Jerusalem.
descendants of a 2,600-year-old civilization founded by exiled Israelites in what was then called Babylonia.
Ancient records of eclipse were made in China and Babylonia.
The most famous joint production is, of course, the collection of passed-down stories which go under the name of "Homer", although it is not thought that Homer sat in a flat in Babylonia, directing young people to write stories while he went off to do some fly-fishing and dining.
Among his topics are professional and lay Old Babylonia prophets, the prophetic message, other aspects of Neo-Assyrian prophecy, the messengers in the Hebrew Bible, and a comparison of prophecy in the three traditions.
Judah, stirred up by Egypt to rebel against Babylonia, was invaded by Nebuchadnezzar who laid siege to Jerusalem.