The research has four objectives: to advance theoretical understanding of contemporary food sharing economies in cities; to generate a significant body of comparative and novel international empirical knowledge about food sharing economies and their governance within global cities; to design and test an assessment framework for establishing the impact of city-based food sharing economies on societal relations, economic vitality and the environment; and to develop and implement a novel variant of backcasting
to explore how food sharing economies within cities might evolve in the future.
For parts of the analysis, we extend the ECI series back in time to 1959 by backcasting
this series on CPH.
In scenario-building, backcasting
may be employed in which one posits a desirable future and then works backwards to identify actions that will connect the future to the present.
As soon as the long-term goal is set, one can apply backcasting
and forecasting techniques to define the process leading towards energy neutrality (Figure 3).
2011) reported very high agreement for backcasting
from 2007 to 1999 ([R.
The CES implementation of the X-12 ARIMA seasonal adjustment process does no backcasting
and allows forecasts to extend the series by only 24 months.
techniques, the project considers how IRI and its members can prepare for each scenario.
with Stakeholders to Achieve the Five Levels of Self-Reliance
Based on exhaustive backcasting
and positive initial customer feedback, we're confident we've accurately modeled the diverse drivers of the West Term market and can give traders a powerful tool for fundamental analysis of market risks and opportunities.
Some basic speculation strategies that can be used in nursing education are forecasting, strategic foresight, backcasting
, and rearview mirror analysis.
The infection model is not a standard compartmental SEIRS type model and is more readily suited to backcasting
and forecasting methods required for decision support in live situations.
Under these conditions, the Fujitsu Group has applied backcasting
approach for the planning of its sixth environmental protection program by designing the path to realize the Group's medium-term environmental vision, Green Policy 2020.