Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Bactria: Hindu Kush, bacteria, Alexander the Great, Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, Seleucid Empire


An ancient country of southwest Asia. It was an eastern province of the Persian Empire before its conquest by the Greeks in 328 bc. The kingdom was destroyed c. 130 bc by nomadic tribes.


(Placename) an ancient country of SW Asia, between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Oxus River: forms the present Balkh region in N Afghanistan


(ˈbæk tri ə)

an ancient country in W Asia, between the Oxus River and the Hindu Kush Mountains. Cap.: Bactra.
Bac′tri•an, adj., n.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aramaic documents from Bactria, which makes mention of the "libation for the temple (bagina), to Bel" (zwtr' 'l bgn' lbyl).
After burning Persepolis (330 BC), Alexander marched through the heart of Iran towards the eastern Persian satrapies of Drangiana, Arachosia, Bactria and Sogdiana.
The two-day craft fair, organized by the Union of Craftsmen of Tajikistan in partnership with Bactria cultural center, will bring together more than 50 artists representing Tajik craftsmanship.
She was the daughter of a minor Bactrian baron named Oxyartes of Balkh in Bactria, modern-day Balkh province of Afghanistan.
It is believed that camels were first domesticated somewhere between 3,000BC in the Arabian Peninsula and in 2,500BC in Bactria -- an ancient state that once thrived in present-day northern Afghanistan.
After Alexander: Works of Art from Hellenised Asia' at Pace Gallery presents a spectacular and apparently perfectly preserved gold wreath crafted with naturalistic oak leaves and tendrils from the 2nd-century Greek settlements in Bactria (Fig.
When Darius was assassinated by the governor of Bactria, Alexander proclaimed himself Lord of Asia.
In 328 BC, Alexander the Great entered the territory of present-day Afghanistan, then part of the Persian Empire, and established a Hellenistic state in Bactria (present-day Balkh).
In Bactria, in 327, Alexander uncovered a conspiracy among the Pages, which Badian controversially labels 'perhaps the first genuine conspiracy of the reign', (47) thus distinguishing it from the conspiracies which Alexander laid to the charge of the Lyncestian Alexander, Philotas and Parmenion, Cleitus and others.
Nomads from the northern grasslands that stretch from the Black Sea to Mongolia invaded Bactria (northern Afghanistan) around 145 BCE, bringing an end to the Greco-Bactrian kingdoms that had flourished there.
The genesis of this particular family appears to have been centered in an area the Romans called Bactria, located in the northwest part of modern Afghanistan and the southern part of Turkmenistan, east of the southern Caspian Sea.
Or it may have been made in one of the Bactrian cities shortly after Alexander the Great reached Bactria in 329 BC, or during the mid-third century BC, when the Seleucids re-founded the cities, which were plundered by nomads from the north-east in the second century BC (e.