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An ancient country of southwest Asia. It was an eastern province of the Persian Empire before its conquest by the Greeks in 328 bc. The kingdom was destroyed c. 130 bc by nomadic tribes.


(Placename) an ancient country of SW Asia, between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Oxus River: forms the present Balkh region in N Afghanistan


(ˈbæk tri ə)

an ancient country in W Asia, between the Oxus River and the Hindu Kush Mountains. Cap.: Bactra.
Bac′tri•an, adj., n.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Les Voix du silence (1951), the Indo-Greek kingdoms of Bactria and the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara are powerful subjects of fantasy on the encounter between civilizations and the metamorphosis of forms.
Female figure (the 'Ligabue Venus'), 2500-1700 BC, Bactria, green steatite and cream calcite, ht 10.
It is said that the Gandhara civilization attained its height from 1st to the 5th century under the rule of Kushan kings who came from Iran and settled in Bactria, a region historically comprising modern day Tajikistan and Hindu Kush.
Northern China, Bactria, Gandhara, Syria, and the Red Sea/Gulf/Indian Ocean coasts) was related to imperial hinterlands, their fiscal-military-administrative regimes, the development of media of exchange and infrastructures, settlement, urban growth, and so on.
Among their topics are tin and oil: whether we can see the future through the remote past, echoes in eternity: social memory and mortuary stone monuments in Bronze-Iron Age Mongolia, long-term occupation and seasonal mobility in Mongolia: a comparative study of two mobile pastoralist communities, settlement mobility and the politics of ritual among Late Bronze Age fortress communities: recent findings from the site of Tsaghahovit in Armenia, land of the unrule-ables: Bactria in the Achaemenid period, and unruly remains: ethnogenesis and physical anthropology in the South Caucasus.
Surkh Kotal, also called Chashma-i Shir or Sar-i Chashma, is an ancient archaeological site located in the Southern part of the Bactria, about 18 km North of the city of Puli Khumri, the capital of Baghlan Province.
The archeological excavations in Annau (near Ashgabat) and Bactria (Afghanistan) have found the remains of Ahal-Teke horses from the period around 2500-1000 BC.
Assyrian artifacts were found in sites of the so-called Bactria Margiana Archaeological Complex, (125) suggesting the presence of Assyrian traders in an area north and east of the Caspian Sea inhabited at that time by the ancestors of the Indo-Iranians.
The results showed a noticeable decrease of parasite infection due to the raised immunity of the plants making them more resistant to parasites without any exterminaton of any form of bactria that could be beneficial to the plant.
Now we have an accomplished book by the same author on the Greek period in Bactria, where "cultures clashed and coalesced, religions competed and compromised; languages met and merged; people fought and fled, saved and spent, worked and worried, while leaving a trail of thousands of coins as witnesses to it all" (220).
After burning Persepolis (330 BC), Alexander marched through the heart of Iran towards the eastern Persian satrapies of Drangiana, Arachosia, Bactria and Sogdiana.