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A peninsula of southeast Europe bounded by the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara, and the Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Adriatic Seas. Formerly part of the Roman and Byzantine empires, the region fell to the Ottoman Turks by 1500. The Balkan Wars (1912-1913 and 1913), treaties signed after World War I, and nationalist movements in the early 1990s led to the present country boundaries.
(Placename) a large peninsula in SE Europe, between the Adriatic and Aegean Seas
a peninsula in S Europe, S of the Danube River and bordered by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean, and Black seas.
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|Noun||1.||Balkan Peninsula - a large peninsula in southeastern Europe containing the Balkan Mountain Range|
Balkan Wars - two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe
Albania, Republic of Albania - a republic in southeastern Europe on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula
Croatia, Hrvatska, Republic of Croatia - a republic in the western Balkans in south-central Europe in the eastern Adriatic coastal area; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; became independent in 1991
Macedon, Makedonija, Macedonia - the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
Thrace - an ancient country and wine producing region in the east of the Balkan Peninsula to the north of the Aegean Sea; colonized by ancient Greeks; later a Roman province; now divided between Bulgaria and Greece and Turkey
Macedonia - landlocked republic on the Balkan Peninsula; achieved independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
Republic of Turkey, Turkey - a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
Balkan Mountain Range, Balkan Mountains, Balkans - the major mountain range of Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Balkan - an inhabitant of the Balkan Peninsula