13] This was particularly true for the Bantustan
of the Transkei, which depended on mission hospitals to provide services.
Second, while the White press knew too well the limitations of the Bantustan
theory, it was a far cry from what Blacks wanted, which went on to build the image of Matanzima and Buthelezi in order to harness them to a path they had already chosen and to make the non-analytic masses believe that a great victory was just about to be achieved.
Intellectuals, including Haidar Eid, associate professor at Al-Aqsa University in Gaza, argue that just as Nelson Mandela's ANC rejected Bantustan
homelands and campaigned for a multiethnic South Africa, so Palestinian Arabs should push for a single state.
In fact, Israel has never been anything but a Bantustan
for Jews set up in the Middle East after the Second World War by the genocidal racist Western colonial/imperial powers who wished to severely limit the inflow of Jewish war refugees into their own states.
Agha Saeed said: "People can always tell who their real leaders are, even when Nelson Mandela is imprisoned on the charges of 'terrorism' and Chief Mangosthu Buthelezi is appointed as the chief minister of the Bantustan
Through the 'grand' apartheid policy, millions of Africans were forcibly dislocated to a designated Bantustan
dependent on their record of origin.
Whether documenting workers blasting a shaft in a gold mine, the grueling commute from a Bantustan
, or everyday life in a middle-class Afrikaans town, South African photographer David Goldblatt's images are beguilingly straightforward.
To win support for the progressive Zionist two-state model, which closely resembles South Africa's bantustan
effort to exclude an unwanted population from their body politic, an effort doomed to failure as is the present Israeli effort.
This is at best a formula to establish a Palestinian Bantustan
that will not end the Israeli occupation but would legitimise Israeli control.
It has become a Bantustan
of South Africa and it is going to continue to be a Bantustan
of South Africa for a long time to come," he says.
He treats the province as his own personal Bantustan
and he has no more respect for the rules than he does for the natives.
1) In the 1950s, with legislation such as the 1951 Bantu Authorities Act, the third era began with the Bantustan
policies of grand apartheid, wherein the former reserves would become sovereign nation-states.