Benedict de Spinoza


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Noun1.Benedict de Spinoza - Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)Benedict de Spinoza - Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
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Winnicott's concept of continuity of being, trauma, humor, hysteria, psychic health, trust, true love, hate, the superego, Freud's Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and the work of Gisela Pankow, Helio Pelligrino, Philippe Refabert, Michel Neyraut, Piera Aulagnier, Joyce McDougall, Victor Smirnoff, Francoise Davoine and Jean-Max Gaudilliere, Loup Verlet, Claude Lanzmann, and Benedict de Spinoza.
He begins with Benedict de Spinoza and ends with John Webster, and includes landmark contributions from Strauss, Kierkegaard, Troeltsch, Barth, Bultmann, Pope Pius XII (Divino afflante spiritu), Ebeling, de Lubac, Childs, Elisabeth Schiissler Fiorenza, and Paul Ricoeur.
This, in turn, required Jews in many cases to recreate communities where secular leaders assumed, sometimes by default, greater authority over the behavior and observances of their members, and this new assertiveness on the part of leading secular Jews helped to erode the traditional authority of rabbis, even over matters related to theology and ritual that in the past would have been solely under the purview of the rabbinate The weakening of rabbinic authority, along with the explosion of knowledge in the early modern era, and of its dissemination due to the printing press, led more Jews to challenge traditional beliefs and even follow heretical movements such as Sabbateanism, or to turn to religious skepticism, as in the most famous example of Benedict de Spinoza.
This is a research companion to the life and thought of the influential philosopher Baruch or Benedict de Spinoza (1632-77) and to the subsequent scholarship on Spinoza.
Military and maritime power coincided with a flowering of intellectual and artistic genius that included not only Rene Descartes, Benedict de Spinoza and Joost van den Vondel (whose plays influenced Milton's Paradise Lost), but also the painters Frans Hals, Rembrandt, Jacob van Ruisdael and Vermeer.
Spinoza, Theologico-Political Treatise, in The Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza, trans.