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a. A small tree (Citrus bergamia) commercially grown chiefly in southern Italy for its sour citrus fruits, the rinds of which yield an aromatic oil. Also called bergamot orange.
b. The oil itself, used extensively in perfumery. Also called bergamot oil.
2. Any of various aromatic plants in the genus Monarda of the mint family.

[French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, from Ottoman Turkish beg armudu, bey's pear (equivalent to modern Turkish bey armudu) : beg, bey; see bey + armut, armud-, pear (from Persian amrūd, from Middle Persian ūrmōd) + -u, possessive suff.]


1. (Plants) Also called: bergamot orange a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2. (Plants) essence of bergamot a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3. (Plants) a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
4. (Plants)
a. wild bergamot a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
b. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5. (Plants) a variety of pear
[C17: from French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, of Turkic origin; related to Turkish bey-armudu prince's pear; see bey]


(ˈbɜr gəˌmɒt, -mət)

1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2. the oil or essence itself.
3. any of various plants of the mint family yielding an oil resembling bergamot.
[1610–20; earlier, a pear variety < French bergamote < Italian bergamotta < Turkish bey armudu literally, bey's pear]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bergamot - small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumerybergamot - small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery; Italy
orange tree, orange - any citrus tree bearing oranges
References in periodicals archive ?
It smells like honeyed amber and smoky tonka beans, topped with a squeeze of bergamot oil.
Meanwhile for anybody partial to a cup of Earl Grey tea, it is reputedly named after the Earl who once received a gift of tea flavoured with bergamot oil, and very much enjoyed it.
Bergamot oil too should be avoided, as it will increase dark splotches on facial skin, causing unsightly melasma (mask of pregnancy).
The protective effect of bergamot oil extract on lecitine-like oxyLDL receptor-1 expression in balloon injury-related neointima formation.
INGREDIENTS 4 teaspoons loose Earl Grey tea leaves 200g butter, softened 175g golden caster sugar Zest of 1 lemon 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 egg, lightly beaten A few drops of foodgrade bergamot oil (optional) 425g plain flour 1 teaspoon baking powder A pinch of salt Icing sugar, for rolling out 400g coloured sugar paste icing Lustre dust, to decorate (optional) METHOD Tip the Earl Grey tea leaves into a mortar and gently grind with the pestle; they should retain a little texture.
Packed with lemon, bergamot oil, rosemary and juniper, it oozes elegance, style and modern masculinity.
90) is a concoction of comforting essential oils such as bergamot oil and cypress oil have a calming action, making it the perfect way to end a hard, hectic day.