All Essence formulations are made without using parabens, formaldehyde donor, MIT/CMIT, sulfates, betaines
, silicones, petrolatum or mineral oil.
These products usually have a neutral pH, and include ingredients such as alkyl glyceryl, ether sulfonate, alpha olefin sulfonates, betaines
, sulfosuccinates, sodium cocoyl monoglyceride sulfate, and sodium cocoyl isethionate.
This unique cocktail of surfactants, complemented by Glucotain Care, creates a body cleanser that looks and feels just like market leading oil or sulfate containing cleansers without needing sulfates, betaines
, oils, or any added conditioners.
Type Electrical Charge Anchoring Groups Anionic Negative Phosphates, Sulfonates, Sulfates, Carboxylates Cationic Positive Quaternary Ammonium Salts of fatty amines Amphoteric pH dependent Betaines
, Phospholipids Non ionic No Charge Ethoxylates Table 2: Surface tension of common solvents used in coatings Solvent Surface tension, mN/m Mineral Spirits 25.
Accumulation of various compatible solutes (free proline, betaines
and sugars) occurs in response to water deficit, which help maintain intercellular osmotic potential without disturbing the metabolic reactions of the plants (Sairam and Saxena, 2000).
The seaweed and moringa was rich source of phytohormone, minerals, polyamine and betaines
(Zhang, 1997 and Basra et al.
Crop plants tend to adapt to drought by accumulation of Cyto- compatible organic osmolytes such as polyols, proline and betaines
There are other phytochemical group, which although have some properties within these groups, have been classified within a miscellaneous category and examples of these include the betaines
, chlorophylls and capsaicin.
It has also contains amaranthoside a lignan glycoside; amaricin a coumaroyl adenosine stigmasterol glycoside and betaines
such as glycinebetaine and trigonelline .
Significance of betaines
in the increased chlorophyll content of plants treated with seaweed extract.
Other compounds common in mangroves are betaines
, specially glycinbetaine in the black mangrove A.
Effect of betaines
and taurine and its derivatives on plasma cholesterol levels in rats.