betaine

(redirected from Betaines)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

be·ta·ine

 (bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

[Latin bēta, beet + -ine.]

betaine

(ˈbiːtəˌiːn; -ɪn; bɪˈteɪiːn; -ɪn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a sweet-tasting alkaloid that occurs in the sugar beet and other plants and in animals. Formula: C5H11NO2
2. (Chemistry) (plural) a group of chemical compounds that resemble betaine and are slightly basic zwitterions
[C19: from New Latin Bēta beet + -ine2]

be•ta•ine

(ˈbi təˌin, -ɪn; bɪˈteɪ in, -ɪn)

n.
a colorless crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, usu. obtained from sugar beets or synthesized from glycine and used in medicine.
[1875–80; < Latin bēta beet + -ine 2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.betaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beetsbetaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beets
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
References in periodicals archive ?
All Essence formulations are made without using parabens, formaldehyde donor, MIT/CMIT, sulfates, betaines, silicones, petrolatum or mineral oil.
These products usually have a neutral pH, and include ingredients such as alkyl glyceryl, ether sulfonate, alpha olefin sulfonates, betaines, sulfosuccinates, sodium cocoyl monoglyceride sulfate, and sodium cocoyl isethionate.
This unique cocktail of surfactants, complemented by Glucotain Care, creates a body cleanser that looks and feels just like market leading oil or sulfate containing cleansers without needing sulfates, betaines, oils, or any added conditioners.
Type Electrical Charge Anchoring Groups Anionic Negative Phosphates, Sulfonates, Sulfates, Carboxylates Cationic Positive Quaternary Ammonium Salts of fatty amines Amphoteric pH dependent Betaines, Phospholipids Non ionic No Charge Ethoxylates Table 2: Surface tension of common solvents used in coatings Solvent Surface tension, mN/m Mineral Spirits 25.
Accumulation of various compatible solutes (free proline, betaines and sugars) occurs in response to water deficit, which help maintain intercellular osmotic potential without disturbing the metabolic reactions of the plants (Sairam and Saxena, 2000).
The seaweed and moringa was rich source of phytohormone, minerals, polyamine and betaines (Zhang, 1997 and Basra et al.
Crop plants tend to adapt to drought by accumulation of Cyto- compatible organic osmolytes such as polyols, proline and betaines.
There are other phytochemical group, which although have some properties within these groups, have been classified within a miscellaneous category and examples of these include the betaines, chlorophylls and capsaicin.
It has also contains amaranthoside a lignan glycoside; amaricin a coumaroyl adenosine stigmasterol glycoside and betaines such as glycinebetaine and trigonelline [44].
Significance of betaines in the increased chlorophyll content of plants treated with seaweed extract.
Other compounds common in mangroves are betaines, specially glycinbetaine in the black mangrove A.
Effect of betaines and taurine and its derivatives on plasma cholesterol levels in rats.