Betelgeuse


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Related to Betelgeuse: Rigel

Be·tel·geuse

 (bēt′l-jo͞oz′, bĕt′l-jœz′)
n.
A bright-red intrinsic variable star, 527 light years from Earth, in the constellation Orion.

[French Bételgeuse, ultimately from Arabic yad al-jawzā' : yad, hand; see yd in the Appendix of Semitic roots + al-, the + jawzā', Gemini (later also used for Orion) (perhaps from jawz, middle (Gemini perhaps originally being so called because it crossed the middle of the sky, and Orion later being so called because of the three bright stars in the middle of the constellation, forming Orion's belt) , from jāza, to pass through; see gwz in the Appendix of Semitic roots).]
Word History: The history of the curious star name Betelgeuse is a good example of how scholarly errors can creep into language. The story starts with the pre-Islamic Arabic astronomers, who called the star yad al-jawzā', "hand of the jawzā'." The jawzā' was their name for the constellation Gemini. After Greek astronomy became known to the Arabs, the word came to be applied to the constellation Orion as well. Some centuries later, when scribes writing in Medieval Latin tried to render the word, they misread the y as a b (the two corresponding Arabic letters are very similar when used as the first letter in a word), leading to the Medieval Latin form Bedalgeuze. In the Renaissance, another set of scholars trying to figure out the name interpreted the first syllable bed- as being derived from a putative Arabic word *bāṭ meaning "armpit." This word did not exist; it would correctly have been ibṭ. Nonetheless, the error stuck, and the resultant etymologically "improved" spelling Betelgeuse was borrowed into French as Bételgeuse, whence English Betelgeuse.

Betelgeuse

(ˌbiːtəlˈdʒɜːz; ˈbiːtəlˌdʒɜːz) or

Betelgeux

n
(Celestial Objects) a very remote luminous red supergiant, Alpha Orionis: the second brightest star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star
[C18: from French, from Arabic bīt al-jauzā' literally: shoulder of the giant, that is, of Orion]

Be•tel•geuse

or Be•tel•geux

(ˈbit lˌdʒuz, ˈbɛt lˌdʒœz)

n.
a first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion.
[1790–1800; < French < Arabic bīt al jauzā' shoulder of the giant (i.e., of Orion)]

Be·tel·geuse

(bēt′l-jo͞oz′)
A reddish, very bright variable star in the constellation Orion. It is a supergiant. See Note at Rigel.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Betelgeuse - the second brightest star in Orion
Orion, Hunter - a constellation on the equator to the east of Taurus; contains Betelgeuse and Rigel
Translations
Beteigeuze
Bételgeuse
References in periodicals archive ?
Above and left of the belt, you will see a star called Betelgeuse - the shoulder of Orion.
With a simple telescope we can see Saturn's rings and confirm the brilliance of Betelgeuse.
Orion the Hunter, with its famous Belt Stars and the orange-red Betelgeuse, dominates summer evening skies.
the axle of the heavens"-- fiery Betelgeuse, Rigel, Bellatrix-- the
Betelgeuse says: "Don't go out with your friend's sister.
A relatively cool star, like Betelgeuse in the Orion constellation, emits most of its light in the infrared colors at the bottom of the spectrum (which you will remember goes violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange, red), so such cool stars have a reddish tint 1 to them.
It is also in the top ten of the largest stars known - 50 per cent larger than the famous red supergiant Betelgeuse - and about one million times brighter than the Sun.
Orion the Hunter contains two first magnitude stars, both much larger than the Sun, namely Alpha and Beta Orionis, better known to us as Betelgeuse and Rigel.
The grand finale of Betelgeuse will be a spectacular show--full of sound and fury.
The plot revolves around a recently deceased young couple, ghosts haunting their former home, and an obnoxious, devious bio-exorcist named Betelgeuse from the underworld.
Rigel is the other bright star in Orion (opposite Betelgeuse from the Belt Stars).