Betelgeuse


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Related to Betelgeuse: Rigel

Be·tel·geuse

 (bēt′l-jo͞oz′, bĕt′l-jœz′)
n.
A bright-red intrinsic variable star, 527 light years from Earth, in the constellation Orion.

[French Bételgeuse, ultimately from Arabic yad al-jawzā' : yad, hand; see yd in Semitic roots + al-, the + jawzā', Gemini (later also used for Orion) (perhaps from jawz, middle (Gemini perhaps originally being so called because it crossed the middle of the sky, and Orion later being so called because of the three bright stars in the middle of the constellation, forming Orion's belt) , from jāza, to pass through; see gwz in Semitic roots).]
Word History: The history of the curious star name Betelgeuse is a good example of how scholarly errors can creep into language. The story starts with the pre-Islamic Arabic astronomers, who called the star yad al-jawzā', "hand of the jawzā'." The jawzā' was their name for the constellation Gemini. After Greek astronomy became known to the Arabs, the word came to be applied to the constellation Orion as well. Some centuries later, when scribes writing in Medieval Latin tried to render the word, they misread the y as a b (the two corresponding Arabic letters are very similar when used as the first letter in a word), leading to the Medieval Latin form Bedalgeuze. In the Renaissance, another set of scholars trying to figure out the name interpreted the first syllable bed- as being derived from a putative Arabic word *bāṭ meaning "armpit." This word did not exist; it would correctly have been ibṭ. Nonetheless, the error stuck, and the resultant etymologically "improved" spelling Betelgeuse was borrowed into French as Bételgeuse, whence English Betelgeuse.

Betelgeuse

(ˌbiːtəlˈdʒɜːz; ˈbiːtəlˌdʒɜːz) or

Betelgeux

n
(Celestial Objects) a very remote luminous red supergiant, Alpha Orionis: the second brightest star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star
[C18: from French, from Arabic bīt al-jauzā' literally: shoulder of the giant, that is, of Orion]

Be•tel•geuse

or Be•tel•geux

(ˈbit lˌdʒuz, ˈbɛt lˌdʒœz)

n.
a first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion.
[1790–1800; < French < Arabic bīt al jauzā' shoulder of the giant (i.e., of Orion)]

Be·tel·geuse

(bēt′l-jo͞oz′)
A reddish, very bright variable star in the constellation Orion. It is a supergiant. See Note at Rigel.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Betelgeuse - the second brightest star in Orion
Orion, Hunter - a constellation on the equator to the east of Taurus; contains Betelgeuse and Rigel
Translations
Beteigeuze
Bételgeuse
References in periodicals archive ?
The same title (the "herald") was applied by the early Arab astronomers to Beta ([beta]) Canis Minoris (Gomeisa) and Gamma ([gamma]) Orionis (Bellatrix) for their role in "announcing" (that is, rising just before) Procyon and Betelgeuse, respectively.
com/picture-orion-constellation-star-betelgeuse-most-detailed-ever-2557520) capturing Betelgeuse in the constellation Orion, a few hundred light-years from Earth.
in 1988 Beetlejuice There's also another ghost - Betelgeuse (pronounced Beetlejuice) - who scares away new inhabitants.
There's also another ghost - Betelgeuse (pronounced Beetlejuice) - Keaton in 1988 Beetlejuice - who scares away new inhabitants.
in 1988 There's also another ghost - Betelgeuse (pronounced Beetlejuice) - who scares away new inhabitants.
The shower is called Orionids because the meteors seem to radiate from the constellation Orion, particularly north of the Betelgeuse star, the second brightest star in the constellation.
The spooky celebs included Simon Pegg, 48, as 80s film character Betelgeuse and Celebrity Juice's Leigh Francis, 43, in a Planet of the Apes outfit.
Contractor name : UNION BETELGEUSE, PROFESSIONAL PROTECTION ORAK
Also prominent will be the constellation of Orion with bright stars Betelgeuse and Rigel.
Some of his stars, including Betelgeuse (the star that marks his right shoulder) and Rigel (the star near his left knee), are among the night sky's brightest stars.
The blue supergiants Rigel and Deneb make a wonderful contrast with the red supergiants Betelgeuse (Orion's left shoulder) and Antares (in Scorpius, far south of Cygnus).
Orion the Hunter, with its famous Belt Stars and the orange-red Betelgeuse, dominates summer evening skies.