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 (bē-ăf′rə, -ä′frə)
A region of southern Nigeria on the Bight of Biafra, an arm of the Gulf of Guinea stretching from the Niger River delta to northern Gabon. It formed a secessionist state from May 1967 to January 1970.

Bi·a′fran adj. & n.


1. (Placename) a region of E Nigeria, formerly a local government region: seceded as an independent republic (1967–70) during the Civil War, but defeated by Nigerian government forces
2. (Placename) Bight of Biafra former name (until 1975) of (the Bight of) Bonny


(biˈɑ frə)

1. a former secessionist state (1967–70) in SE Nigeria, in W Africa. Cap.: Enugu.
2. Bight of, a wide bay in the E part of the Gulf of Guinea off the W coast of Africa.
Bi•a′fran, adj., n.


[bɪˈæfrə] NBiafra f


n (Hist) → Biafra nt
References in periodicals archive ?
Omaka provides us with a close reading of the steps taken to establish aid for Biafrans during and after the conflict.
The Biafrans also built massive 5m-gallon concrete fuel bunkers and were able to maintain the supply of water and electricity, traffic on the railway, and broadcasting services.
The fact that his battle for Biafra coincided exactly with the geopolitical support de Gaulle's government was then giving to the Biafrans (against the support given to Nigeria by Britain and America) did not bother him.
Sadly, we learn from this book the tragic reality that the Biafrans, not just the Nigerians, missed a number of opportunities to compromise and end the war earlier than they did.
The Biafrans even bought up double-barreled shotguns from Spanish makers.
However, the author insists on blaming the Federal Government of Nigeria for the horrendous plight of Biafrans that resulted from this impasse.
Cold War geopolitics played a considerable role in rallying states (and subsequent arms provisions) either around the Nigerian federal government (thus resisting secessionism and African post-colonial state fragmentation), or around the Biafran self-declared state and the leader of the rebellion Chukweumeka Odumegwu Ojukwu (thus legitimizing claims of Biafrans, even though for controversial and varied reasons).
The federal forces have an advantage of more than 100 to one in firepower, but the Biafrans have the advantage of a morale, which comes from a people who believe they are fighting for survival and basic freedom.
Olusegun Obasanjo, who received the instruments of surrender, has cited defeating the Biafrans and maintaining Nigeria's territorial integrity as his outstanding contribution to the nation.
Ojukwu, the ideologue and leader of the Biafrans is also said to imprison people on the charge of being saboteurs only so he can get to their wives.
60) Alex Zeidman, "For Six Eventful Months, I helped to Feed Biafrans," Presbyterian Record (June 1969), pp.
They could be Biafrans in 1968, Sahelians in 1973, or Ethiopians in 1985.