But even more surprising than the sudden indictment in the cold case was Ashcroft's decision to invoke a little-known federal law, the 1994 Hate Crime Sentencing Enhancement Act, which increases penalties for bias crimes
that take place on federal lands.
Lawrence notes that the issues raised by bias crimes
and the punishment of those crimes implicate "three fundamental values of the American polity: equality, free expression, and federalism" (p.
She then proceeded to assess the human rights issues in the United States, citing police brutality, bias crimes
against Muslims and other faults.
Chuck Deaton said 10 hate or bias crimes
have been reported in the past five years that involved name-calling, none of them assaults on African-Americans.
Individuals can report bias crimes
to the authorities and cooperate in their investigation.
Left unchallenged, hate of any kind harms our nation and can lead to bias crimes
The money will go to groups that support victims of bias crimes
NEW YORK: New York police are investigating as bias crimes
four Molotov cocktail attacks on Sunday night including one against a mosque with 75 people inside and another against a Hindu place of worship.
Attaching the collection of hate crime statistics to the established UCR data collection procedures, they concluded, would fulfill the directives of the Hate Crime Statistics Act without placing an undue additional reporting burden on law enforcement and, in time, would develop a substantial body of data about the nature and frequency of bias crimes
occurring throughout the nation.
Individual articles address such topics as science and pseudo-science in law enforcement, psychopathy and pathological behaviors, confession evidence, issues in victim reporting of sexual and bias crimes
and challenges for mentally ill correctional inmates.
Nearly 500,000 college students across the country are targets of bias crimes
each year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center.
Is a prominent federal role in the prosecution and punishment of bias crimes
consistent with the proper division of authority between state (and local) government and the federal government in our political system?