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1. Composed of or based on two legislative chambers or branches: a bicameral legislature.
2. Medicine Composed of or having two chambers, as an abscess divided by a septum.

[bi- + Latin camera, chamber; see chamber + -al.]

bi·cam′er·al·ism n.


1. a legislative body having two branches, houses, or chambers.
2. advocacy of bicameral structure. Cf. unicameralism.bicameralist, n.bicameral, adj.
See also: Government
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References in periodicals archive ?
Erdoy-an supports the formation of a "Turkish-style" presidential system -- a strong unicameral rather than bicameral system that he claims will help the country' advancement by eliminating "multi-headedness" in state governance and thus pave the way for a more effective decision-making system.
Shaikh Khalifa praised the role of the Shura Council in promoting democracy, lauding the national competencies it has and their contribution to fostering the culture of the bicameral system in legislation.
The objective of this bill is to strengthen and sustain the national legislature and to make it more effective and efficient being a bicameral system of the government, in order to run the services and then the oversight role among others," Thomas Kudu, head of parliamentary information committee told reporters after the sitting.
While the short-lived 2012 constitution had restored some authority and legislative powers to the upper house, renaming it the Shura Council, for most of Egyptian history the bicameral system was not of great benefit, with a weak upper house that was more consultative than legislative.
Other reform proposals include: 1) a complete overhaul of the Constitution put forward by the libertarian Pro-Reforma movement in 2006, which would abolish income tax and create a bicameral system similar to the United Kingdom's parliament; 2) a partial reform of a number of articles regarding the justice system, proposed by three major academic institutions--the Universidad Rafael Landrvar (URL), the state-funded Universidad de San Carlos (USAC), and the Asociacion de Investigaciones y Estudios Sociales (ASIES); 3) a reform that would reinstate the death penalty and elect governors and judicial authorities through universal suffrage, put forward by LIDER, the country's main opposition force, during the 2011 elections.
4%, will always remain a defining moment in the history of this country", he vowed, adding that the historic covenant re-established constitutional life through the bicameral system.
Pakistan has a bicameral system of legislature, whose members are elected through the ballot box.
In reflecting on the concept of bicameralism itself, perhaps it is important to highlight that the institutions which form part of a bicameral system trace their origins to the medieval period when Kings would consult with trusted and respected members of different sections in society.
But there is something very wrong when you get such small groups of people that can bring in [primary legislation] without the check and balance that we've had, having the bicameral system.
Morocco has a bicameral system which consists of the Chamber of Counselors, which includes members elected indirectly by local councils, professional organizations, and labor syndicates and the Chamber of Representatives (or lower house), whose members are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term.
The Parliament, which comprises the president and the two houses, Lok Sabha (House of People) and Rajya Sabha (council of states), within the framework of a bicameral system, is the supreme legislative body in India.
We certainly need to keep a bicameral system of government as it is a way of checking legislation and any perceived excesses or errors in the business of the House of Commons.