bile acid

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bile acid

n.
Any of the liver-generated steroid acids, such as cholic acid, that commonly occur in the bile in combination with glycine and taurine as sodium salts.

bile′ ac`id


n.
any of various steroid acids that emulsify fats during digestion. Compare bile salt.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bile acid - any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile
steroid - any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects
cholic acid - an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile
Translations
Gallensäure
acido biliare
References in periodicals archive ?
It works by binding to bile acids and bringing them out of the body to reduce overall cholesterol levels in the blood.
GOOFICE Tablet inhibits the bile acid transporter that regulates reabsorption of bile acids thereby increasing the flow of bile acids to the colon, which is expected to enhance natural defecation.
The bile acids can actually pass into the baby through the placenta and have devastating effects.
Primary and secondary bile acids are synthesized by liver cells and gut bacteria, respectively.
Additionally, results of a plasma biochemical panel revealed increased activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (305 U/L; reference range, 40-250 U/L), aspartate transaminase (AST) (1483 U/L; reference range, 90-180 U/L), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (855 U/L; reference range, 290-750 U/L), and creatine kinase (238 U/L; reference range, 280-500) and increased concentration of bile acids (524 [micro]mol/ L; reference range, 6-35 [micro]mol/L).
For example, the gut microbiome modifies primary bile acids to secondary bile acids (Ridlon et al.
An association with reduced predicted bacterial bile salt hydrolase gene abundance may be associated with a diminished capacity to metabolize bile acids," she said.
A suggested mechanism for sudden intrauterine fetal death is acute anoxia and fetal arrhythmia induced by elevated bile acids.
This is because of rapid turnover of the test every 3-4 days makes its management difficult, totally depending upon the bile acids.
New research finds that bile acids which are altered by bacteria normally living in the large intestine inhibit the growth of Clostridium difficile.
Hepatic accumulation of bile acids due to impairment in bile flow is central to the pathogenesis of cholestasis liver disease and leads to hepatic injury and, in severe cases, organ failure [12].
607765), is encoded by the gene HSD3B7 and works in the second step of transforming the steroid into primary bile acids.