Bill of mortality

an official statement of the number of deaths in a place or district within a given time; also, a district required to be covered by such statement; as, a place within the bills of mortality of London.
See under Bill.

See also: Bill, Mortality

References in classic literature ?
The doctor went directly to London, where he died soon after of a broken heart; a distemper which kills many more than is generally imagined, and would have a fair title to a place in the bill of mortality, did it not differ in one instance from all other diseases--viz.
Henry VII (a Welshman) introduced a weekly Bill of Mortality in 1532 to track infectious epidemics, which still forms tha basis for modern communicable disease surveillance and control to this day.