His argument runs as follows: Rand's biocentric
analysis of value establishes that
Only those that reach some critical threshold of utilitarian or biocentric
6:19-21) and afterwards formed a biocentric
covenant with "every living creature" (Gen.
Blacks in this study held somewhat anthropocentric worldviews when economic issues were involved and biocentric
worldviews when economic sacrifices were not involved.
Sanders and Arluke hold that anthropomorphism is a useful heuristic device (2007: 63) while Bekoff argues for a biocentric
approach that supports the animal's point of view while still acknowledging that we, of necessity, are still human (2007: 73).
The first wave includes humanist, anthropocentric, biocentric
, and ecocentric ideologies.
com)-- Rick Popowitz, President and CEO of Biocentric
28) I borrow the arithmetics of skin from Browne because her work uncovers the ways in which contemporary surveillance practices are inflected with the relief of neutrality as they track biocentric
human markers: race, gender, a two-sexed system.
Topics include the green politics of Alasdair MacIntyre and Vaclav Havel, the politics of global warming, mindfulness as a new commons, territorial claims in a world of limits, the political unrealism of making meta-ethical demands for non-anthropocentrism in environmental ethics, and critique of the biocentric
egalitarianism of deep ecology.
8) The first two of these three types of self-construal can be considered anthropocentric (moreover, egoistic and altruistic respectively), the third eco- or biocentric
Norris, for example, bans Hemingway from the biocentric
tradition for aestheticizing animals (198).
The message that is conveyed is that we need to maintain this pristine environment for human consumption and benefit--an anthropocentric view of the environment, rather than a biocentric
view that considers humans as one element in the whole environmental system.