After Stalin's death, it was also revealed that Stalin had wanted to deport Russia's Jews to Birobidjan
, a remote part of Siberia, near China's northeastern border, almost 5,000 miles east of Moscow, according to P.
The author offers a narrative reconstruction of how the Association for Jewish Colonization in Soviet Russia (ICOR), founded in 1924 and composed primarily of first and second generation Yiddish-speaking Jews of East European origin, and the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan
(Ambijan), "founded in 1934 as a popular front group catering to native-born, English-speaking, middle-class Jews," described and understood their own activities, as seen through their own written accounts and perspectives found in their newspapers' news stories, editorials, belles lettres, poems, organizational notices, advertisements, brief notices, and other materials.
As Henry Srebrnik demonstrates in Dreams of Nationhood: American Jewish Communists and the Soviet Birobidzhan Project, 1924-1951 (Academic Studies, August), based on extensive research in Yiddish archives, American groups like ICOR and the American Birobidjan
Committee supported the Soviet project, ideologically and with their cash.
For example, in the editorial from Nailebn in January 1938, celebrating the 10th anniversary of Birobidjan
, the author claimed, "Ten years of Birobidjan
is a monumental achievement, which emphasizes all the more the exemplary work of the Soviet Union in the realm of solving the Jewish question.
Khabarovsk also is located near Birobidjan
, the capital city of the remote Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Republic).
Nor would the Soviets allow the revival of Yiddish newspapers, since there already was one issued in Birobidjan
In some parts of Russia (Ingushetia in European Russia, Birobidjan
in the Far East), peasant farmers produce more than the corporate farms.
Mikhoels died in a car accident," my father retorted, "and Fefer and the others are busy building Birobidjan
, the Jewish homeland in the Soviet Union.
said when they heard the story about the children in the orphanage in Birobidjan
I have personal memories of my aunt, a Labor Zionist and close friend of Golda Meir, Eliezer Kaplan, Levi Eshkol, and others of Israel's founding fathers and mothers in the 1920s and 1930s, who in those same years fought against the Jewish Communists in Minneapolis who were touting the Communist Potemkin-like Jewish "homeland" of Birobidjan
as their more progressive alternative to Zionism.
One of the organizations prominent in this campaign was the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Birobidjan
The Bank provides banking services across a wide retail network in 29 cities of Russia's Far East region, including its largest cities: Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Blagoveschensk, Birobidjan
, Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Irkutsk.