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A historical region and former kingdom of the present-day western Czech Republic. The Czechs, a Slavic people, settled in the area between the 5th and 6th centuries ad. A later principality was independent until the 15th century, when it passed to Hungary and then to the Habsburg dynasty of Austria. When Bohemia was incorporated into the newly formed state of Czechoslovakia in 1918, its capital, Prague, became the new nation's capital.


1. A community of persons with artistic or literary tastes who adopt manners and mores conspicuously different from those expected or approved of by the majority of society.
2. The district in which bohemians live.

[Back-formation from bohemian.]


1. (Placename) a former kingdom of central Europe, surrounded by mountains: independent from the 9th to the 13th century; belonged to the Hapsburgs from 1526 until 1918
2. (Placename) an area of the W Czech Republic, formerly a province of Czechoslovakia (1918–1949). From 1939 until 1945 it formed part of the German protectorate of Bohemia-Moravia. Czech name: Čechy German name: Böhmen
3. a district frequented by unconventional people, esp artists or writers


(boʊˈhi mi ə)

1. Czech, Čechy. a region in the W Czech Republic: formerly a kingdom in central Europe; under Hapsburg rule 1526–1918.
2. (often l.c.) a district inhabited by people, typically artists, writers, and intellectuals, living an unconventional life.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Bohemia - a historical area and former kingdom in the Czech Republic
2.bohemia - a group of artists and writers with real or pretended artistic or intellectual aspirations and usually an unconventional life style
clique, coterie, ingroup, inner circle, camp, pack - an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose


[bəʊˈhiːmɪə] NBohemia f


[bəʊˈhiːmiə] nBohême f


n (Geog) → Böhmen nt; (fig)Boheme f


[bəʊˈhiːmɪə] nBoemia
References in classic literature ?
He left Bohemia with more than a thousand dollars in savings, after their passage money was paid.
Yes, mussels of certain waters in Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Saxony, Bohemia, and France.
She had lived with her father and sister in a queer old-fashioned, expatriated, artistic Bohemia, in the days when the aesthetic was only the academic and the painters who knew the best models for a contadina and pifferaro wore peaked hats and long hair.
It is in a German-speaking country--in Bohemia, not far from Carlsbad.
On the strength of a batting average of thirty-three point nought seven for Middlesex, he had been engaged by the astute musical-comedy impresario to whom the idea first occurred that, if you have got to have young men to chant 'We are merry and gay, tra-la, for this is Bohemia,' in the Artists' Ball scene, you might just as well have young men whose names are known to the public.
I do not believe that there was in that genteel Bohemia an intensive culture of chastity, but I do not remember so crude a promiscuity as seems to be practised in the present day.
You are in the presence of three powerful sovereigns: myself, Clopin Trouillefou, King of Thunes, successor to the Grand Coësre, supreme suzerain of the Realm of Argot; Mathias Hunyadi Spicali, Duke of Egypt and of Bohemia, the old yellow fellow whom you see yonder, with a dish clout round his head; Guillaume Rousseau, Emperor of Galilee, that fat fellow who is not listening to us but caressing a wench.
Otherwise we should long ago have been in the mountains of Bohemia, and you and your army would have spent a bad quarter of an hour between two fires.
She is away at some wonderful baths in Hungary or Bohemia (I don't remember which)--and where she will go, or what she will do next, it is perfectly impossible to say.
It is the archaeological and lapidarial abbreviation of the name of a town, my good friend; I looked it out in Malte-Brun: Goritz, in Latin Gorixia, situated in Bohemia or Hungary, or it may be Austria--"
I have heard that there are no English among them, but that they are from France, Italy and Bohemia.
Barrande, also, shows that there is a striking general parallelism in the successive Silurian deposits of Bohemia and Scandinavia; nevertheless he finds a surprising amount of difference in the species.