Bolshevik


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Related to Bolshevik: Menshevik, Bolshevik Revolution

Bol·she·vik

 (bōl′shə-vĭk′, bŏl′-)
n. pl. Bol·she·viks or Bol·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
1.
a. A member of the left-wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that adopted Lenin's theses on party organization in 1903.
b. A member of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that seized power in that country in November 1917.
c. A member of a Marxist-Leninist party or a supporter of one; a Communist.
2. often bolshevik An extreme radical: a literary bolshevik. In all senses also called Bolshevist.

[Russian Bol'shevik, from bol'she, comparative of bol'shoĭ, large; see bel- in Indo-European roots.]

Bol′she·vik′ adj.
Word History: The word Bolshevik derives from the Russian word bol'she, "bigger, more," the comparative form of bol'shoĭ, "big." In Russian, the plural Bol'sheviki was the name given to the majority faction at the Second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1903. The smaller faction was known as Men'sheviki, from men'she, "less, smaller," the comparative of malyĭ, "little, few." The Bol'sheviki, who sided with Lenin in the split that followed the Congress, subsequently became the Russian Communist Party. In 1952 the word Bol'shevik was dropped as an official term in the Soviet Union, but it had long since passed into other languages, including English.

Bolshevik

(ˈbɒlʃɪvɪk)
n, pl -viks or -viki (-ˈviːkɪ)
1. (Sociology) (formerly) a Russian Communist. Compare Menshevik
2. (Historical Terms) any Communist
3. (often not capital) jocular derogatory any political radical, esp a revolutionary
[C20: from Russian Bol'shevik majority, from bol'shoi great; from the fact that this group formed a majority of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1903]
ˈBolsheˌvism n
ˈBolshevist adj, n
ˌBolsheˈvistic adj

Bol•she•vik

(ˈboʊl ʃə vɪk, -ˌvik, ˈbɒl-)

n., pl. -viks, -vik•i (-ˌvɪk i, -ˌvi ki)
1.
a. a member of the radical majority wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, 1903–17, advocating abrupt, forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.
b. (after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist Party.
2. a member of any Communist Party.
3. (often l.c.) Older Use: Disparaging. a political radical or revolutionary.
[1915–20; < Russian bol'shevík, derivative of ból'sh(iĭ) larger, greater]
Bol′she•vism (-ˌvɪz əm) n.
Bol′she•vist, n., adj.
Bol`she•vis′tic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Bolshevik - emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionariesBolshevik - emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries
radical - a person who has radical ideas or opinions
2.Bolshevik - a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist partyBolshevik - a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
commie, communist - a socialist who advocates communism
Adj.1.Bolshevik - of or relating to Bolshevism; "Bolshevik Revolution"
Translations

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃəvɪk]
A. ADJbolchevique
B. Nbolchevique mf

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃɪvɪk]
adj [revolution, party, regime] → bolchevique
n (= person) → Bolchevik mf

Bolshevik

nBolschewik m

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃəvɪk] adj & nbolscevico/a
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Selection of the general design organization for the development of design estimates for the facility: "60 square meters of residential efficiency in the Bolshevik settlement of Gomel district" Eligibility Criteria : Expand all lots / Collapse all lots
In December 1934, former leading Bolshevik Grigory Zinoviev was arrested for conspiring to kill Leningrad party boss Sergey Kirov, who had been murdered, without Zinoviev's help, earlier that month.
That year, a Congress of the Peoples of the East was organised under Bolshevik auspices in Baku, modern-day Azerbaijan.
PART TWO OF Liberty Under the Soviets painted, in vivid detail, the monstrous face of the Bolshevik dictatorship.
The Bolshevik Revolution was not the result of a popular uprising.
Regarding the Bolshevik Revolution, it was often said that with it, "the sun had finally risen in the East"
This accessible history looks at the social breakdown and violent chaos in Petrograd that followed in the first year after the Russian Revolution of February 1917-- the first eight months from March to October under the Provisional Government, and the five months under the Bolshevik regime between the October Revolution and the relocation of the state government from Petrograd to Moscow--and analyzes the effects of violent crime and mob justice on citizens.
Allen, Alexander Shlyapnikov, 1885-1937: Life of an Old Bolshevik (Chicago: Haymarket Books 2016)
The Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin (who arrived in St.
British writer Arthur Ransome returns to Russia as a reporter during World War I but finds his job description somewhat altered after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
The history of this Expeditionary Force starts with the Russian Revolution of 1917, closely followed by the Bolshevik seizure of power and eventual withdrawal of Russia from the war against Germany.