Bolshevik


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Related to Bolshevik: Menshevik, Bolshevik Revolution

Bol·she·vik

 (bōl′shə-vĭk′, bŏl′-)
n. pl. Bol·she·viks or Bol·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
1.
a. A member of the left-wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that adopted Lenin's theses on party organization in 1903.
b. A member of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that seized power in that country in November 1917.
c. A member of a Marxist-Leninist party or a supporter of one; a Communist.
2. often bolshevik An extreme radical: a literary bolshevik. In all senses also called Bolshevist.

[Russian Bol'shevik, from bol'she, comparative of bol'shoĭ, large; see bel- in Indo-European roots.]

Bol′she·vik′ adj.
Word History: The word Bolshevik derives from the Russian word bol'she, "bigger, more," the comparative form of bol'shoĭ, "big." In Russian, the plural Bol'sheviki was the name given to the majority faction at the Second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1903. The smaller faction was known as Men'sheviki, from men'she, "less, smaller," the comparative of malyĭ, "little, few." The Bol'sheviki, who sided with Lenin in the split that followed the Congress, subsequently became the Russian Communist Party. In 1952 the word Bol'shevik was dropped as an official term in the Soviet Union, but it had long since passed into other languages, including English.

Bolshevik

(ˈbɒlʃɪvɪk)
n, pl -viks or -viki (-ˈviːkɪ)
1. (Sociology) (formerly) a Russian Communist. Compare Menshevik
2. (Historical Terms) any Communist
3. (often not capital) jocular derogatory any political radical, esp a revolutionary
[C20: from Russian Bol'shevik majority, from bol'shoi great; from the fact that this group formed a majority of the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1903]
ˈBolsheˌvism n
ˈBolshevist adj, n
ˌBolsheˈvistic adj

Bol•she•vik

(ˈboʊl ʃə vɪk, -ˌvik, ˈbɒl-)

n., pl. -viks, -vik•i (-ˌvɪk i, -ˌvi ki)
1.
a. a member of the radical majority wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, 1903–17, advocating abrupt, forceful seizure of power by the proletariat.
b. (after 1918) a member of the Russian Communist Party.
2. a member of any Communist Party.
3. (often l.c.) Older Use: Disparaging. a political radical or revolutionary.
[1915–20; < Russian bol'shevík, derivative of ból'sh(iĭ) larger, greater]
Bol′she•vism (-ˌvɪz əm) n.
Bol′she•vist, n., adj.
Bol`she•vis′tic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Bolshevik - emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionariesBolshevik - emotionally charged terms used to refer to extreme radicals or revolutionaries
radical - a person who has radical ideas or opinions
2.Bolshevik - a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist partyBolshevik - a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
commie, communist - a socialist who advocates communism
Adj.1.Bolshevik - of or relating to Bolshevism; "Bolshevik Revolution"
Translations

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃəvɪk]
A. ADJbolchevique
B. Nbolchevique mf

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃɪvɪk]
adj [revolution, party, regime] → bolchevique
n (= person) → Bolchevik mf

Bolshevik

nBolschewik m

Bolshevik

[ˈbɒlʃəvɪk] adj & nbolscevico/a
References in periodicals archive ?
For all the talk about collectivize and cooperative agriculture, until late 1928 early 1929 when massive forced collectivization fell upon the village, what the Bolshevik government was actually doing was continuing the tsarist Ministry of Agriculture's policy of developing private plots.
But when my messages reach some of the politicians and government workers, their reactions remind me of the time when Russian Social Democrats became Bolshevik Communists.
In 1919, he was chaplain to the Ukrainian soldiers fighting the Bolshevik troops.
1940 Exiled Bolshevik Leon Trotsky leader died in Mexico after being struck on head with an ice pick wielded by an agent for Stalin.
HOUSTON: A family of Russian descent in Houston, Texas, seeking the return of property seized after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, has won a pounds 137 million judgment against Russia.
In making the ``Fall of the Romanov Dynasty'' in 1927, a female editor named Dziga Vertov found a box marked ``Counter-revolutionary material'' after the Bolshevik Revolution that contained the ruling family's footage.
At the very end of The Last Bolshevik, 1993, Marker's homage to Medvedkin, another old Bolshevik, Tolchan, asks Marker to stay on with him a moment and listen to his favorite music; if nothing else, he still could believe in that.
Petersburg; they fled Russia after the Bolshevik revolution and settled in Berlin, where they re-established their distillery and began selling to the Russian emigre community.
Yet secret police reports in this period revealed that much of the population was apathetic--even hostile--toward Bolshevik goals.
Just because the congressman wants to see these corporate thieves, who have stolen millions upon on millions of dollars, lose their mansions, bank accounts, and yachts does not make him a Bolshevik.
Not that I expected a cartoon history lesson, but according to ``Anastasia,'' World War I, social chaos and communism had nothing to do with the Bolshevik Revolution (there isn't a mention of Lenin, or even a hammer and sickle to be seen anywhere in the movie).
Much has been written about the art that was produced in the territories of the old Soviet Union during that 70-year experiment between the Bolshevik revolution and glasnost; and it is arguable that the courage, vision, and integrity of artists from Kasimir Malevich to Ilya Kabakov have no counterpart in the West.