But what do the memories of the Soviet Union, Communism, Bolshevism
or even Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin now mean for normal citizens of the Russian Federation?
collapsed; wartime resistance was crushed.
Dugin has given his distinctive ideology a variety of different labels: National Bolshevism
, neo-Eurasianism, the fourth political theory.
At the War Office, he was desperate for the Allies to intervene in Russia to "strangle Bolshevism
in its cradle".
Crucial, too, was Stalin's attraction to a particularly extreme socialist ideology, Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevism
Among them were Isadora Duncan, Rosa Luxemberg and Emma Goldman whose appearance coincided with the arrival of Bolshevism
and its bastards.
Like the fear of Bolshevism
after the First World War, and of Stalinist communism after the Second War, the leaders of Europe set their polices in such a way as to defeat what they saw as an existential threat.
This worldview also blamed the Jews for Bolshevism
, which might seem like a contradiction, but is not.
The war also gave rise to Fascism and Bolshevism
, spawned World War II and the Cold War, and transformed politics, economics, art, music, literature, and culture.
In 1920, after Bolshevism
triumphed in Russia, Churchill blamed those Jews "who emerged from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and America", part of a worldwide conspiracy for the overthrow of society "on the basis of arrested development, of envious malevolence and impossible equality.
Indeed, a Pandora's Box of 20th-century evils burst from this murderous foray, including the victories of Nazism and Bolshevism
and their attendant horrors -- a short list of the consequences of Europe's dabbling with how best to kill itself.
But in fact, the collapse of the security environment Britain had preserved for a century did indeed coincide with the downfall of liberal democracy--certainly on the European continent, where weak liberal regimes gave way to the likes of Il Duce and Der Fuhrer, but also in Britain and America, where the intelligentsia increasingly looked to fascism, Bolshevism
, and other profoundly illiberal creeds for inspiration.