Menshevism(redirected from Bolshevism and Menshevism)
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n. pl. Men·she·viks or Men·she·vi·ki (-vē′kē)
A member of the liberal faction of the Social Democratic Party that struggled against the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution.
[Russian men'shevik, from men'she, less (from their relegation by Lenin to minority status); see mei- in Indo-European roots.]
the minority wing of the Russian Social Democratie Labor party that in a 1903 convention split from the majority or Bolshevik wing, enabling the latter to direct and win power in the revolution of 1917-20. — Menshevik, n., adj.See also: Communism