aplastic anemia

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Related to Bone marrow aplasia: aplastic anemia

aplastic anemia

n.
A condition in which the bone marrow fails to generate adequate numbers of new red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It can be caused by a genetic disorder, infection, exposure to radiation or toxic chemicals, or other factors.

a•plas′tic ane′mia

(eɪˈplæs tɪk)

n.
severe anemia due to depressed functioning of the bone marrow, usu. resulting from bone cancer, radiation, or the toxic effects of drugs or chemicals.
[1930–35]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aplastic anemia - anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrowaplastic anemia - anemia characterized by pancytopenia resulting from failure of the bone marrow; can be caused by neoplasm or by toxic exposure
anemia, anaemia - a deficiency of red blood cells
References in periodicals archive ?
The most notorious initial and powerful signs appeared in the finding of Santenseen and his colleagues in Sweden in 1896, when the first cases of death by benzene exposure were identified in four workers in the bicycle tire industry, who developed bone marrow aplasia by exposure to a solvent containing elevated concentrations of benzene (4).
Zidvidine is associated with mitochondrial and haematologial toxicity leading to bone marrow aplasia and cytopenias.
Viral infections cause transient bone marrow aplasia or selective erythroid aplasia.