I experienced it probably most pointedly when I worked for the Nature Conservation Division in Bophuthatswana
Hy word aangestel as lektor by die Universiteit van Bophuthatswana
en daarna as senior lektor by die indertydse Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit.
Househam, 65, earned his 'hard-core' reputation while serving as the first health chief of the Free State immediately after the country's first democratic elections, appointing and mentoring a raw but first-ever representative management team and integrating the former homelands of QwaQwa and Bophuthatswana
Soshanguve was to be incorporated into the 'independent' Republic of Bophuthatswana
, which would make its inhabitants citizens of that republic at the cost of their South African citizenship and any rights of permanent urban residence.
One such was the strongman Lucas Mangope of Bophuthatswana
Birmingham-based documentary photographer Dr Vanley Burke travelled extensively throughout South Africa to Soweto, Sharpeville, Bophuthatswana
, Cape Town and Durban, attending rallies, funerals and demonstrations.
They targeted the Las Vegas–style entertainment resort in Bophuthatswana
, a so–called homeland region where Zulus were relocated without their consent.
The most dangerous moment of Mandela's presidential campaign came when several thousand heavily armed whites left their farms and drove to Bophuthatswana
, one of the black homelands set up under apartheid, where they planned to join the forces of the pro-apartheid black puppet government and derail the election.
proefskrif, Universiteit van Bophuthatswana
Before November 2000, there was no requirement for the registration of customary marriages, except in the former homelands (49) such as the Transkei, Bophuthatswana
, and KwaZulu.
The NIS, the Department of Intelligence and Security (DIS), the Pan African Security Service (PASS), the Transkei Intelligence Service (TIS), the Venda National Intelligence Service (VNIS), and the Bophuthatswana
Intelligence and Internal Security Service (BIIS) were effectively dissolved from this date onwards, and their staff absorbed into either NIA or SASS.
I emigrated to South Africa in 1983 where I held the posts of Chief Nature Conservation Officer for Ciskei, and founding Director of the Bophuthatswana
National Parks and Wildlife Management Board.