Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) constitute a group of heterocyclic compounds naturally occurring in a wide variety of plants, mostly Asteraceae, Boraginaceae
and Fabaceae (Roeder 1995).
THIS member of the Boraginaceae
family is a wonderful hardy annual for our gardens as it likes full sun and can tolerate temperatures down to minus 5C, although that is unlikely in our warmer winters.
is a biennial or perennial belongs to the species of Boraginaceae
Leguminous and non-leguminous forage species used for the experiment Family Common name Botanical name Rhizophoraceae Dawata Carallia integerrima Euphorbiaceae Kebella Aporosa lindeliyana Boraginaceae
Imbul Ceiba perntandra Moraceae Jak fruit Artocarpus heterophyllus Leguminoseae Ipil ipil Leucaena leucocephala Leguminoseae Glirizidia Gliricidia sepium Table 2.
No carbonised seeds were present, but very small uncarbonised nutlets of Boraginaceae
Koch X BORAGINACEAE
(Borage Family) Cryptantha minima Rydb.
Bombacaceae 10 Heliotropium Boraginaceae
The Forget-me-not family, Boraginaceae
, contains some 200 Genus and 2500 species and has some wonderful representatives that can be grown in our gardens.
Botanical families, species and voucher number of the plants used in this study Family Species Abbreviation Number Euphorbiaceae Croton campestris MECC #7095 Boraginaceae
Cordia verbenacea MECV #044171 Lamiaceae Ocimum gratissimum MEOG #3978 Family Herbarium Euphorbiaceae UFRN Boraginaceae
Prisco Bezerra-UFC Lamiaceae Dardano Andrade Lima-URCA Table II Diameter of Inhibition zones (mm) derived of light-mediated antimicrobial activity of methanol extracts from Croton campestris, Ocimum gratissimum and Cordia verbenaceae SA6538 UV- UV+ Enhancement (%) MECC 5 [+ or -] 0 8 [+ or -] 0 60 MEOG 5 [+ or -] 0 12 [+ or -] 2 140 MECV 5 [+ or -] 0 12 [+ or -] 0 140 NOR (a) 26 [+ or -] 1 35.
Legumes (8 species) were most frequently represented in the diet followed by Rubiaceae, Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae
(2 species each).
Lessing Th Asteraceae 15 Begonia picta Smith He Begoniaceae 16 Cynoglossum glochidiatum Wallich ex Th Boraginaceae
Benth 17 Cassia mimosoides L.
d AF036493 Boraginaceae
Heliotropium curvassicum L.