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 (bō-yär′, boi′ər)
A member of a class of higher Russian nobility that until the time of Peter I headed the civil and military administration of the country and participated in an early duma.

[Alteration (influenced by French boyard, from Russian boyarin) of Early Modern English boiaren, from Russian boyarin, from Old Russian bolyarinŭ, from Old Church Slavonic, probably from Bulgar Turkic (Turkic language of a Turkic tribe that settled in the Volga and Danube basins in the early Middle Ages ) *boyla er, noble man : boyla, Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan (akin to Old Turkic boylā) + *er, man (akin to Turkish Old Turkic er).]


(ˈbəʊjɑː; ˈbɔɪə)
(Heraldry) a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
[C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title]


(boʊˈyɑr, ˈbɔɪ ər)

also bo•yard

(-ˈyɑrd, -ərd)

1. a member of the nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great.
2. a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
[1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin]
References in classic literature ?
From the height of the Kremlin- yes, there is the Kremlin, yes- I will give them just laws; I will teach them the meaning of true civilization, I will make generations of boyars remember their conqueror with love.
A general with a brilliant suite galloped off at once to fetch the boyars.
His speech to the boyars had already taken definite shape in his imagination.
They were not alarmed by the fact that Moscow had been abandoned by its inhabitants (grave as that fact seemed), but by the question how to tell the Emperor- without putting him in the terrible position of appearing ridiculous- that he had been awaiting the boyars so long in vain: that there were drunken mobs left in Moscow but no one else.
peasants, lower- class townspeople, Cossacks) revered the ruler in their own distinct way, contrasting the image of the "good" tsar with that of his "wicked" boyars and counselors, or, in extreme cases, the image of a "good" tsar with his opposite, a false or "bad" tsar.
Caragea's Law elaborated in 1818, under the Prince's supervision, by the "educated and experienced boyars", was evaluated by a Commission that gathered the high boyars and, in the end, it was legalised by the Prince through a charter (Ceterchi, 1984: 75).
Bolsheviks, Boyars and the Persistence of Tradition, Yale, New Haven, CT, 2013.
The procedure of the elections is described there as follows: after the death of Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich, the last member of the Moscow branch of the Rurik dynasty, his widow, Tsarina Irina Fyodorovna, rejected a petition of the clergy and the boyars to take power over the country (7).
The shop's managing director Neville Boyars, who is also a member of the Bold Street Traders, was pleased to support the festival.
All of them had a general competence, civil and criminal, on which it was added the specialized competence of the bench and also the competence of the boyars and monasteries, specified in the royalty acts about delegation of the their juridical responsabilities.
The programme includes Catheryn Kilgariff, of Marion Boyars Publishing, on what publishers are looking for and Sarah Ballard, of United Agents, whose clients include Julian Barnes and Blake Morrison, on the role of the agent.
New York: Penguin Books, 1981; London: Boyars, 1981.