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 (bō-yär′, boi′ər)
A member of a class of higher Russian nobility that until the time of Peter I headed the civil and military administration of the country and participated in an early duma.

[Alteration (influenced by French boyard, from Russian boyarin) of Early Modern English boiaren, from Russian boyarin, from Old Russian bolyarinŭ, from Old Church Slavonic, probably from Bulgar Turkic (Turkic language of a Turkic tribe that settled in the Volga and Danube basins in the early Middle Ages ) *boyla er, noble man : boyla, Turkic nobleman of a rank below a khan (akin to Old Turkic boylā) + *er, man (akin to Turkish Old Turkic er).]


(ˈbəʊjɑː; ˈbɔɪə)
(Heraldry) a member of an old order of Russian nobility, ranking immediately below the princes: abolished by Peter the Great
[C16: from Old Russian boyarin, from Old Slavonic boljarinǔ, probably from Old Turkic boila a title]


(boʊˈyɑr, ˈbɔɪ ər)

also bo•yard

(-ˈyɑrd, -ərd)

1. a member of the nobility of Russia, before Peter the Great.
2. a member of a former privileged class in Romania.
[1585–95; earlier boiaren < Russian boyárin]
References in classic literature ?
From the height of the Kremlin- yes, there is the Kremlin, yes- I will give them just laws; I will teach them the meaning of true civilization, I will make generations of boyars remember their conqueror with love.
A general with a brilliant suite galloped off at once to fetch the boyars.
His speech to the boyars had already taken definite shape in his imagination.
They were not alarmed by the fact that Moscow had been abandoned by its inhabitants (grave as that fact seemed), but by the question how to tell the Emperor- without putting him in the terrible position of appearing ridiculous- that he had been awaiting the boyars so long in vain: that there were drunken mobs left in Moscow but no one else.
Caragea's Law elaborated in 1818, under the Prince's supervision, by the "educated and experienced boyars", was evaluated by a Commission that gathered the high boyars and, in the end, it was legalised by the Prince through a charter (Ceterchi, 1984: 75).
in the Net (Marion Boyars Publishers) which was shortlisted for the
The shop's managing director Neville Boyars, who is also a member of the Bold Street Traders, was pleased to support the festival.
Komiaga will race in his Chinese-made Mercedov car in the special lane reserved for the privileged, while the plebeians are stuck in Moscow traffic; suppress unruly boyars (members of the aristocracy), rape, censor, do shady deals both for the benefit of the order and for the entertainment of the top brass, drink and indulge in potent and exquisite drugs, all the while convinced that he is a true defender of the pure Orthodox faith and the Russian king.
The programme includes Catheryn Kilgariff, of Marion Boyars Publishing, on what publishers are looking for and Sarah Ballard, of United Agents, whose clients include Julian Barnes and Blake Morrison, on the role of the agent.
New York: Penguin Books, 1981; London: Boyars, 1981.
In which country were boyars once the highest order of nobility?
1 is the main work, but there is an Andante religioso for violin and orchestra, Suite from Maskerade, and his March of the Boyars with which he had a hit, and rightly so.