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A country of eastern South America. The largest country in the continent, it was ruled by Portugal from 1500 to 1822, when it became a separate empire ruled by Pedro I, son of King John VI of Portugal. A republic was established in 1889. Brasília has been the capital since 1960; São Paulo is the largest city.
Bra·zil′i·an adj. & n.
1. (Plants) Also called: brazil wood the red wood obtained from various tropical leguminous trees of the genus Caesalpinia, such as C. echinata of America: used for cabinetwork
2. (Dyeing) the red or purple dye extracted from any of these woods. See also brazilin
3. (Plants) short for brazil nut
[C14: from Old Spanish brasil, from brasa glowing coals, of Germanic origin; referring to the redness of the wood; see braise]
(Placename) a republic in South America, comprising about half the area and half the population of South America: colonized by the Portuguese from 1500 onwards; became independent in 1822 and a republic in 1889; consists chiefly of the tropical Amazon basin in the north, semiarid scrub in the northeast, and a vast central tableland; an important producer of coffee and minerals, esp iron ore. Official language: Portuguese. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: real. Capital: Brasília. Pop: 201 009 622 (2013 est). Area: 8 511 957 sq km (3 286 470 sq miles)
a federal republic in South America. 171,853,126; 3,286,170 sq. mi. (8,511,180 sq. km). Cap.: Brasília. Official name, Fed′erative Repub′lic of Brazil′. Portuguese, Brasil.
Bra•zil′ian, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Brazil - the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter|
macumba - (Brazil) followers of a religious cult of African origin
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Triple Frontier - the border area where Argentina and Brazil and Paraguay meet; an active South American center for contraband and drug trafficking and money laundering; a suspected locale for Islamic extremist groups
Acre - a territory of western Brazil bordering on Bolivia and Peru
Belem, Feliz Lusitania, Santa Maria de Belem, St. Mary of Bethlehem, Para - port city in northern Brazil in the Amazon delta; main port and commercial center for the Amazon River basin
Belo Horizonte - city in southeastern Brazil to the north of Rio de Janeiro; the first of Brazil's planned communities
Brasilia, Brazilian capital, capital of Brazil - the capital of Brazil; a city built on the central plateau and inaugurated in 1960
Curitiba - a city in southeastern Brazil
Joao Pessoa - a city in northeastern Brazil near the Atlantic Ocean to the north of Recife
Governador Valadares - a city in eastern Brazil to the northeast of Belo Horizonte
Limeira - a city of southeastern Brazil (northwest of Sao Paulo)
Natal - a port city in northeastern Brazil
Rio, Rio de Janeiro - the former capital and 2nd largest city of Brazil; chief Brazilian port; famous as a tourist attraction
Santos - a port city in southwestern Brazil on an offshore island near Sao Paulo
Sao Bernardo do Campo - a city in southeastern Brazil; an industrial suburb of Sao Paulo
Sao Goncalo - an industrial city in southeastern Brazil across the bay from Rio de Janeiro
Sao Joao de Meriti - a city in southeastern Brazil that is a residential suburb of Rio de Janeiro
Sao Jose dos Campos - a city in southeastern Brazil to the northeast of Sao Paulo
Sao Louis - a city on an offshore island in northeast Brazil
Sao Paulo - an ultramodern city in southeastern Brazil; the largest city in South America
Amazon River, Amazon - a major South American river; arises in the Andes and flows eastward into the South Atlantic; the world's 2nd longest river (4000 miles)
Araguaia, Araguaia River, Araguaya, Araguaya River - a river in central Brazil that flows generally northward (with many falls) to join the Tocantins River
Iguassu, Iguassu Falls, Iguazu, Iguazu Falls, Victoria Falls - a large waterfall on the border between Argentina and Brazil
Parnahiba, Parnaiba - a river in northeastern Brazil that flows generally northward to the Atlantic Ocean
Sao Francisco - a river in eastern Brazil flowing into the Atlantic Ocean
South America - a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Brazilian - a native or inhabitant of Brazil
|2.||brazil - three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell|
edible nut - a hard-shelled seed consisting of an edible kernel or meat enclosed in a woody or leathery shell