The proposed introduction of biocontrol agents to counter the invasive Brazilian peppertree
(Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi; Anacardiaceae) in Florida (Medal et al.
Invitation to Bid: Brazilian peppertree
and exotic tree/vegetation removal services
Recent examples relevant to Florida are the lepidopteran citrus pest Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and the parasitoid Ageniaspis citricola Logvinovskaya (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) (Hoy & Nguyen 1997), and the noxious adventive plant Brazilian peppertree
, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi (Anacardiaceae) and the herbivore Pseudophilothrips ichini (Hood) (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) (Cuda 2016).
is an opportunistic invader forming dense stands in disturbed and natural ecosystems of hardwood hammocks, pine flatwoods, pine rocklands, sawgrass marshes, and coastal mangrove forests (Ewel et al.
(Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi; Sapindales: Anacardiaceae), native to South America, is considered one of the worst upland invasive species in Florida (Schmitz et al.
The insect fauna associated with the invasive weed Brazilian peppertree
(Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi; Sapindales: Anacardiaceae; hereafter Schinus) in Florida, USA includes 115 species of mostly generalist herbivores, predators, and flower-feeders (Cassani 1986; Cassani et al.
Furthermore, Brazilian peppertree
populations in Florida are the result of 2 separate introductions from different parts of the native range resulting in the establishment of 2 cpDNA haplotypes (A and B) and their hybrids (Williams et al.
In central and south Florida, Brazilian peppertree
occupies more than 2,833 [km.
out-competes native species by exhibiting fast growth, prolific seed production, vigorous re-sprouting, and tolerating a wide range of growing conditions (Ewel 1979).
(Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Anacardiaceae) is a Neotropical species whose native range extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil, from Recife south to Rio Grande do Sul, and west to north-eastern Argentina and adjacent Paraguay (Barkley 1944, 1957, unpublished data).
, Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, native to Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay (Barkley 1944), is a non-native invasive weed in Florida (Langeland & Burks 2008), California (Randall 2000), Hawaii (Hight et al.
Classical Biological Control of Brazilian Peppertree
(Schinus terebinthifolius) in Florida.