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(Placename) a town in S central England, in Buckinghamshire; university (1975). Pop: 12 512 (2001)


1. (Biography) George Villiers, 1st Duke of. 1592–1628, English courtier and statesman; favourite of James I and Charles I: his arrogance, military incompetence, and greed increased the tensions between the King and Parliament that eventually led to the Civil War
2. (Biography) his son, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of. 1628–87, English courtier and writer; chief minister of Charles II and member of the Cabal (1667–73)


(ˈbʌk ɪŋ əm, -ˌhæm)

1. George Villiers, 1st Duke of, 1592–1628, English lord high admiral 1617.
2. his son, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of, 1628–87, English courtier and author.
References in classic literature ?
Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, son of him who played so conspicuous a part in the early chapters of this history, -- Villiers of Buckingham, a handsome cavalier, melancholy with women, a jester with men, -- and Wilmot, Lord Rochester, a jester with both sexes, were standing at this moment before the Lady Henrietta, disputing the privilege of making her smile.
Ah, madam," said Buckingham, "we are very unfortunate
Because, madam," replied Buckingham, piqued, "because the faithful Parry, the wandering Parry, the eternal Parry, is not, I believe, of much consequence.
Ah, madam," cried Buckingham, "your royal highness pierces my heart with a dagger forged by your own hands.
If Wettin lived you would be well treated, but Buckingham has taken me now, and is king.
The fact that Buckingham stood within a pace of us and was an interested listener appeared not to temper her expressions in the slightest.
I will set you free, and then you may come and slay Buckingham.
We must hurry," she went on, as she fumbled with the hard knots in the stiffened rawhide, "for Buckingham will be after you soon.
In fact, in crossing the city two or three accidents of this kind happened; but Buckingham did not even turn his head to see what became of those he had knocked down.
On entering the court of his hotel, Buckingham sprang from his horse, and without thinking what became of the animal, threw the bridle on his neck, and sprang toward the vestibule.
With discretion D'Artagnan remained behind; but at the moment when Buckingham crossed the threshold, he turned round, and seeing the hesitation of the young man, "Come in
cried Buckingham, becoming as pale as a corpse; "two of the studs are wanting, there are only ten.

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