burgher

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burgh·er

 (bûr′gər)
n.
1. A citizen of a town or borough.
2. A comfortable or complacent member of the middle class.
3.
a. A member of the mercantile class of a medieval European city.
b. A citizen of a medieval European city.

[German Bürger or Dutch burger, both from Middle High German burgaere, from Old High German burgārī, from burg, city; see bhergh- in Indo-European roots.]

burgher

(ˈbɜːɡə)
n
1. (Historical Terms) a member of the trading or mercantile class of a medieval city
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a respectable citizen; bourgeois
3. (Historical Terms) archaic a citizen or inhabitant of a corporate town, esp on the Continent
4. (Historical Terms) history
a. a citizen of the Cape Colony or of one of the Transvaal and Free State republics
b. (as modifier): burgher troops.
[C16: from German Bürger, or Dutch burger freeman of a borough]

burgh•er

(ˈbɜr gər)

n.
an inhabitant of a town or borough, esp. a well-to-do member of the middle class.
[1560–70; < Middle Dutch < Middle High German burger=burg borough + -er -er1]
burgh′er•ship`, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.burgher - a citizen of an English borough
Englishman - a man who is a native or inhabitant of England
2.burgher - a member of the middle class
bourgeoisie, middle class - the social class between the lower and upper classes
common man, common person, commoner - a person who holds no title
petit bourgeois - a member of the lower middle class
Translations

burgher

[ˈbɜːgəʳ] N (archaic or liter) (= bourgeois) → burgués/esa m/f; (= citizen) → ciudadano/a m/f

burgher

[ˈbɜːrr] n (old-fashioned)citoyen(ne) m/f

burgher

n (old)Bürger(in) m(f)

burgher

[ˈbɜːgəʳ] ncittadino/a
References in classic literature ?
And was not this a sweet triumph for the burghers of the Hague, whose envy even beat that of the common rabble; a triumph in which every honest citizen and townsman might be expected to share?
No violence, however, had as yet been committed; and the file of horsemen who were guarding the approaches of the Buytenhof remained cool, unmoved, silent, much more threatening in their impassibility than all this crowd of burghers, with their cries, their agitation, and their threats.
In short, the good burghers were fond of their sauer-kraut, but then they were proud of their clocks.
Gayer sallies, more merry mirth, better jokes, and brighter repartees, you never heard over your mahogany, than you will hear over the half-inch white cedar of the whale-boat, when thus hung in hangman's nooses; and, like the six burghers of Calais before King Edward, the six men composing the crew pull into the jaws of death, with a halter around every neck, as you may say.
The prince's court, too, with its swarm of noble barons and wealthy knights, many of whom, in imitation of their master, had brought their ladies and their children from England, all helped to swell the coffers of the burghers.
The room had some resemblance to the clay-floored halls in Holstein; a pretty numerous company, consisting of seamen, Copenhagen burghers, and a few scholars, sat here in deep converse over their pewter cans, and gave little heed to the person who entered.
The green lea was speckled as thickly with them as a canvas by Van Alsloot or Sallaert with burghers.
So vicious was his onslaught that the poorly armed and unprotected burghers, unused to the stern game of war, fell like sheep before the iron men on their iron shod horses.
From the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns.
Pennifeather, and, in the end, it was arranged that a search should be instituted, carefully and very thoroughly, by the burghers en masse, "Old Charley" himself leading the way.
All along upon the green meadow beneath the town wall stretched a row of benches, one above the other, which were for knight and lady, squire and dame, and rich burghers and their wives; for none but those of rank and quality were to sit there.
Rostopchin's broadsheets, headed by woodcuts of a drink shop, a potman, and a Moscow burgher called Karpushka Chigirin, "who- having been a militiaman and having had rather too much at the pub- heard that Napoleon wished to come to Moscow, grew angry, abused the French in very bad language, came out of the drink shop, and, under the sign of the eagle, began to address the assembled people," were read and discussed, together with the latest of Vasili Lvovich Pushkin's bouts rimes.