carbonate(redirected from CO 3 2-)
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Related to CO 3 2-: hydrogen carbonate
tr.v. car·bon·at·ed, car·bon·at·ing, car·bon·ates
1. To charge (a beverage, for example) with carbon dioxide gas.
2. To burn to carbon; carbonize.
3. To change into a carbonate.
n. (-nāt′, -nĭt)
The anionic divalent group CO3, derived from carbonic acid, or a compound containing this group.
(Elements & Compounds) a salt or ester of carbonic acid. Carbonate salts contain the divalent ion CO32–
1. (Chemistry) to form or turn into a carbonate
2. (Chemistry) (tr) to treat with carbon dioxide or carbonic acid, as in the manufacture of soft drinks
[C18: from French, from carbone carbon]
car•bon•ate(n. ˈkɑr bəˌneɪt, -nɪt; v. -ˌneɪt)
n., v. -at•ed, -at•ing. n.
1. a salt or ester of carbonic acid.v.t.
2. to charge or impregnate with carbon dioxide: carbonated drinks.
A compound containing the group CO3. Carbonates include minerals such as calcite and rocks such as limestone.
To add carbon dioxide to a substance, such as a beverage.
Past participle: carbonated
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|Noun||1.||carbonate - a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3)|
ammonium carbonate - a carbonate of ammonium; used in the manufacture of smelling salts and baking powder and ammonium compounds
bicarbonate, hydrogen carbonate - a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
potassium carbonate - a white salt (K2CO3) that is basic in solution; used to make glass and cleansing agents
calcium carbonate - a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
Eskalith, Lithane, lithium carbonate, Lithonate - a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic-depressive disorder
magnesium carbonate - a very white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as magnesite or as dolomite
salt - a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
|Verb||1.||carbonate - turn into a carbonate|
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
|2.||carbonate - treat with carbon dioxide; "Carbonated soft drinks"|