cytochrome

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cy·to·chrome

 (sī′tə-krōm′)
n.
Any of a class of usually colored proteins that contain a heme group, are electron carriers, and catalyze oxidation-reduction reactions during cellular respiration.

cytochrome

(ˈsaɪtəʊˌkrəʊm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of naturally occurring compounds, consisting of iron, a protein, and a porphyrin, that are important in cell oxidation-reduction reactions

cy•to•chrome

(ˈsaɪ təˌkroʊm)

n.
any of a series of compound molecules, consisting of a protein and a porphyrin ring, that participate in cell respiration by the stepwise transfer of electrons, each cytochrome alternately accepting and releasing an electron at a lower energy level.
[1925]

cy·to·chrome

(sī′tə-krōm′)
Any of a class of proteins that are important in cell metabolism and respiration. By comparing different kinds of cytochromes, scientists can trace the evolutionary relationships of the organisms in which they occur.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytochrome - (biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principal biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
haemoprotein, hemoprotein - a conjugated protein linked to a compound of iron and porphyrin
haem, haemitin, hematin, heme, protoheme - a complex red organic pigment containing iron and other atoms to which oxygen binds
cytochrome c - the most abundant and stable cytochrome; involved in energy transfer
Translations

cy·to·chrome

n. citocromo, hemocromógeno importante en el proceso de oxidación.
References in periodicals archive ?
50] values for the inhibition of metabolism of the model CYP probe substrates by tanshinones in (A) pooled human liver microsomes and (B) specific human CYP isoforms.
The workhorse of human CYP metabolism is 3A4 (Table 1), (12), (13) which comprises 30% of hepatic activity and 70% of gut cytochrome activity.
The oxidizing activity to the sulfoxide appears to be exhibited by both CYP and FMO in rats.
Tapistron, based in the center of the country's carpet industry, developed the patented CYP machine, a sophisticated tufting apparatus.
The England CYP girls' squad celebrate their Northern Ireland success |
Sykes boxes Lee Mitchell (Gloves) in the semi-finals in Class 6 at under-52kgs at Havercroft Leisure Centre on Saturday and knows what he has to do to reach the final having beaten the Bolton boxer in the last four of the CYP championships earlier this season.
Azole antifungals are potent inhibitors of CYP 3A4, (4) of which both donepezil and lamotrigine are substrates (Table 2).
Group B received intraperitoneal CYP injection (Endoxane, Baxter Oncology GmbH, Frankfurt) at a dose of 75mg/kg body weight dissolved in sterile water, once a week for 3 weeks.
NE Youth took over the management of the England CYP squad from Ambition in 2013.
Although the role of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 enzyme at the tacrolimus metabolism is reported, the fraction of CYP 3A5 involvement remains unclear.
Analyse de sensibilite a ete effectuee a l'aide : total des couts, CYP et FP de visites cliniques mobiles et statiques et a montre que les variations de CYP de cliniques mobiles et statiques modifie le RCED DU CYP a partir de $2 - $6.
Nicotine in tobacco or in nicotine replacement therapies does not play a role in inducing CYP enzymes.