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the theory that the state should have authority over the church in ecclesiastical matters; Erastianism
[C19: from Caesar (in the sense: temporal ruler) + Ecclesiastical Latin papa Pope1 + -ism]
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Noun1.Caesaropapism - the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
theological doctrine - the doctrine of a religious group
References in periodicals archive ?
In consequence, an essentially Caesaropapist tradition continues in variations across the Middle East to this day, sometimes leading to lurid political bedfellows.
While the author rightly criticizes definition of church-state relations in the Byzantine Orthodox tradition as caesaropapist, she argues that starting with Peter the Great's reforms and Westernization attempts the Church became a state institution and an instrument of the state's Russification and assimilationist policies in Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine.
Cyril and Methodius, the Russian missions of the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries, the missions to Japan, China, Korea, and so forth--represent dual missionary endeavors undertaken by the church and the emperor together, in which so-called caesaropapist relations between church and state are evident.