caisson

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cais·son

 (kā′sŏn′, -sən)
n.
1. A watertight structure within which construction work is carried on under water.
2. See camel.
3. A large box open at the top and one side, designed to fit against the side of a ship and used to repair damaged hulls under water. Also called cofferdam.
4. A floating structure used to close off the entrance to a dock or canal lock.
5.
a. A horse-drawn vehicle, usually two-wheeled, used to carry artillery ammunition and coffins at military funerals.
b. A large box used to hold ammunition.

[French, from Old French, large box, alteration (influenced by caisse, chest) of casson, from Italian cassone, augmentative of cassa, box, from Latin capsa.]

caisson

(kəˈsuːn; ˈkeɪsən)
n
1. (Civil Engineering) a watertight chamber open at the bottom and containing air under pressure, used to carry out construction work under water
2. (Civil Engineering) a similar unpressurized chamber
3. (General Engineering) a watertight float filled with air, used to raise sunken ships. See also camel2
4. (General Engineering) a watertight structure placed across the entrance of a basin, dry dock, etc, to exclude water from it
5. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery)
a. a box containing explosives, formerly used as a mine
b. an ammunition chest
c. a two-wheeled vehicle containing an ammunition chest
6. (Architecture) another name for coffer3
[C18: from French, assimilated to caisse case2]

cais•son

(ˈkeɪ sɒn, -sən)

n.
1. any of various structures used as a protective environment for workers, esp. one consisting of a pressurized, watertight chamber for use in underwater construction.
2.
a. a float for raising a sunken vessel.
b. a watertight structure built against a damaged hull to render it watertight.
3. a two-wheeled wagon, used for carrying artillery ammunition.
4. an ammunition chest.
[1695–1705; < French, Middle French < Old Provençal, derivative of caissa box (see case2)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.caisson - an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or domecaisson - an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
panel - sheet that forms a distinct (usually flat and rectangular) section or component of something
2.caisson - a two-wheeled military vehicle carrying artillery ammunition
military vehicle - vehicle used by the armed forces
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
3.caisson - a chest to hold ammunitioncaisson - a chest to hold ammunition    
chest - box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy
4.caisson - large watertight chamber used for construction under watercaisson - large watertight chamber used for construction under water
chamber - a natural or artificial enclosed space
Translations
kasuunisulkuportti

caisson

[ˈkeɪsən] N (Mech) → cajón m hidráulico (Naut) → cajón m de suspensión; [of dry-dock] → puerta f de dique (Mil) → cajón m de municiones

caisson

n
(Mil) → Munitionskiste f; (= wagon)Munitionswagen m
(Tech: = underwater caisson) → Senkkasten m, → Caisson m
References in classic literature ?
The stragglers who flocked in masses to the banks of the Beresina found there, unhappily, an immense number of carriages, caissons, and articles of all kinds which the army had been forced to abandon when effecting its passage of the river on the 27th and 28th of November.
Find men you can trust, and the moment Fournier had crossed the bridge, burn, without pity, huts, equipages, caissons, carriages,--EVERYTHING
At a few steps distant from the vehicle he now found a company of some thirty stragglers collected around an immense fire, which they were feeding with planks, caisson covers, wheels, and broken carriages.
He could also, by the gleam of bayonets visible through the smoke, make out moving masses of infantry and narrow lines of artillery with green caissons.
And here and now, my friends, any one can assure you on his honor, and by all that is sacred, that NEVER, no, never since there have been men on earth, never in this world has there been such a fricasse of an army, caissons, transports, artillery and all, in such snow as that and under such a pitiless sky.
A battery of artillery followed, the cannoneers riding with folded arms on limber and caisson.
The system replaces the traditional concrete caisson solution for building breakwaters, wharves and mooring points in ports with one that involves caissons made from composite materials.
Restoration of shoreline defenses on the river system of Nor-Pas-de-Calais Waterways of France : Shoreline restoration that incorporates several technical defenses such as sheet piling, riprap, gabion boxes and mattresses, wood tunage, fascines or willow helophytes, caissons vegetated beds of plants and saplings.
Construction of approximately 600 linear feet of vertical outer breakwater exempt drafts between 17 and 30 meters, consisting of reinforced concrete caissons with prop variable.
Contract notice: Design, the supply, installation and commissioning in running order system dynamic staking of parkings, including masts ensembles and caissons located on the roads
Later, the caissons would be transported to Acu on semi-submersible vessels which will take around 15 days to cover 7,960 km.