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 (kăl′ĭ-fôr′nyə, -fôr′nē-ə)
Abbr. CA or Cal. or Calif.
A state of the western United States on the Pacific Ocean. It was admitted as the 31st state in 1850. The area was colonized by the Spanish and formally ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848). California is often called the Golden State because of its sunny climate and the discovery of gold during its pioneering days. Sacramento is the capital and Los Angeles the largest city.

Cal′i·for′nian adj. & n.


1. (Placename) a state on the W coast of the US: the third largest state in area and the largest in population; consists of a narrow, warm coastal plain rising to the Coast Range, deserts in the south, the fertile central valleys of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers, and the mountains of the Sierra Nevada in the east; major industries include the growing of citrus fruits and grapes, fishing, oil production, electronics, information technology, and films. Capital: Sacramento. Pop: 35 484 453 (2003 est). Area: 411 015 sq km (158 693 sq miles). Abbreviation: Cal., Calif. or CA (with zip code)
2. (Placename) Gulf of California an arm of the Pacific Ocean, between Sonora and Lower California


(ˌkæl əˈfɔrn yə, -ˈfɔr ni ə)

1. a state in the W United States, on the Pacific coast. 33,871,648; 158,693 sq. mi. (411,015 sq. km). Cap.: Sacramento. Abbr.: CA, Cal., Calif.
2. Gulf of, an arm of the Pacific Ocean, extending NW between the coast of W Mexico and the peninsula of Baja California. ab. 750 mi. (1207 km) long; 62,600 sq. mi. (162,100 sq. km).
Cal`i•for′nian, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.California - a state in the western United States on the PacificCalifornia - a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes
Achomawi - a community of Native Americans who speak a Hokan language and live in northeastern California
southwestern United States, Southwest - the southwestern region of the United States generally including New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Nevada, California, and sometimes Utah and Colorado
Channel Islands National Park - a national park in California featuring sea birds and marine life
Kings Canyon National Park - a national park in California that has giant sequoia trees and alpine lakes and glaciers
Lassen Volcanic National Park - a national park in California having mountains and volcanic lakes and hot springs
Redwood National Park - a national park in California featuring a redwood forest and Pacific Ocean coastline
Sequoia National Park - a national park in California that includes Mount Whitney
Yosemite National Park - a national park in California famous for its waterfalls and rock formations
U.S.A., United States, United States of America, US, USA, America, the States, U.S. - North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
Anaheim - a city in southern California (southeast of Los Angeles); site of Disneyland
Bakersfield - a city in south central California at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley
Barstow - a town in southeastern California
Berkeley - a city in California on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay; site of the University of California at Berkeley
Beverly Hills - a city in southwestern California surrounded by Los Angeles; home of many Hollywood actors
Chula Vista - an industrial city in southern California (south of San Diego) near the Mexican border
Eureka - a town in northwest California on an arm of the Pacific Ocean
Fresno - a city in south central California in the San Joaquin Valley; center of an important agricultural area and gateway to the Sierra Nevada Mountains
Long Beach - a city in southern California located on 8.5 miles of Pacific beachfront; was a resort until oil was discovered in 1921
City of the Angels, Los Angeles - a city in southern California; motion picture capital of the world; most populous city of California and second largest in the United States
Monterey - a town in western California to the south of San Francisco on a peninsula at the southern end of Monterey Bay
Oakland - a city in western California on San Francisco Bay opposite San Francisco; primarily and industrial urban center
Palo Alto - a university town in California
Pasadena - a city in southwestern California to the east of Los Angeles
Redding - a town in north central California on the Sacramento River
Riverside - a city in southern California
capital of California, Sacramento - a city in north central California 75 miles to the northeast of San Francisco on the Sacramento River; capital of California
San Bernardino - a city in southern California to the east of Los Angeles
San Diego - a picturesque city of southern California on San Diego Bay near the Mexican border; site of an important naval base
San Francisco - a port in western California near the Golden Gate that is one of the major industrial and transportation centers; it has one of the world's finest harbors; site of the Golden Gate Bridge
San Jose - a city in western California located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay to the south of San Francisco; a center for computer and electronics industries
San Mateo - a town in California to the south of San Francisco
San Pablo - a town in western California to the north of Oakland on an arm of San Francisco Bay
Santa Ana - a city in southern California to the east of Long Beach
Santa Barbara - a town in southwestern California on the Pacific Ocean
Santa Clara - a city of west central California; residential area with light industry
Santa Cruz - a town in western California on Monterey Bay; a tourist center
Big Sur - a picturesque coastal region of California to the south of San Francisco
Silicon Valley - a region in California to the south of San Francisco that is noted for its concentration of high-technology industries
Colorado Desert - an arid region of southeastern California
Death Valley - a desert area that is part of the Mojave Desert in eastern California and southwestern Nevada; contains the lowest point in North America
Mohave Desert, Mojave Desert, Mohave, Mojave - a desert area in southern California and western Arizona
Lake Tahoe - a lake on the border between Nevada and California to the west of Carson City; a popular resort area
Donner Pass - a mountain pass in northeastern California near Lake Tahoe; site where in 1844 some members of an emigrant party survived by eating those who had died


[ˌkælɪˈfɔːnɪə] NCalifornia f


[ˌkælɪˈfɔːrniə] nCalifornie f


n (abbr Cal(if) )Kalifornien nt
References in classic literature ?
Californians, as a rule, are familiar with ju-jutsu, and I especially had made a study of it for several years, both at school and in the gym of the Los Angeles Athletic Club, while recently I had had, in my employ, a Jap who was a wonder at the art.
Plan of the Salt Lake expedition Great sandy deserts Sufferings from thirst Ogden's River Trails and smoke of lurking savages Thefts at night A trapper's revenge Alarms of a guilty conscience A murderous victory Californian mountains Plains along the Pacific Arrival at Monterey Account of the place and neighborhood Lower California Its extent The Peninsula Soil Climate Production Its settlements by the Jesuits Their sway over the Indians Their expulsion Ruins of a missionary establishment Sublime scenery Upper California Missions Their power and policy Resources of the country Designs of foreign nations
The same waves wash the moles of the new-built Californian towns, but yesterday planted by the recentest race of men, and lave the faded but still gorgeous skirts of Asiatic lands, older than Abraham; while all between float milky-ways of coral isles, and low-lying, endless, unknown Archipelagoes, and impenetrable Japans.
he had, therefore, an entire day to spend in the Californian capital.
It was ruined, but not a ruin--a typical Californian substitute for what are known to guide-bookers abroad as "monuments of the past.
Californian gentleman in high political preferment, who has passed to
I overheard Henderson and another of the hunters, Standish, a Californian, talking about it.
I heard a Californian student in Heidelberg say, in one of his calmest moods, that he would rather decline two drinks than one German adjective.
The first time he had lifted the chant of "Like Argus of the Ancient Times," had been in 1849, when, twenty-two years' of age, violently attacked by the Californian fever, he had sold two hundred and forty Michigan acres, forty of it cleared, for the price of four yoke of oxen, and a wagon, and had started across the Plains.
A beauty, a regular beauty, the perfect type of the Californian cow-pony.
You see what the Jersey district of heaven is, for whites; well, the Californian district is a thousand times worse.
Simon has no property of his own save the small estate of Birchmoor, it is obvious that the Californian heiress is not the only gainer by an alliance which will enable her to make the easy and common transition from a Republican lady to a British peeress.

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