Henry Fox Talbot, an English botanist and mathematician, devised a method of producing multiple prints in 1841 and named Calotype
It is significant that Henry Fox-Talbot, inventor of the calotype
--the negative-positive process on paper --communicated his discoveries to the Edinburgh physicist Sir David Brewster, who then encouraged its development.
Catany used a technique to print his works called a calotype
, which is a counterpart to the more-popular daguerreotype printmaking.
The collection comprises approximately 850 photographic prints (mainly salted paper), 230 Calotype
paper negatives and 160 Collodion glass negatives.
He became a sculptor and found the earliest form of photography, the calotype
process, useful for recording his creations.
Talbot's method, the Calotype
, could be easily reproduced but did not offer the same degree of detail as the Daguerreotype.
Located on 127 South Street, The Adamson was formerly the main post office in St Andrews and, way back in the 19th century, it was the family home of Dr John Adamson, a physician and pioneer photographer, who took the first calotype
portrait in 1841.
Rejlander spent a day in London learning the process of making a calotype
or a collodion wet plate, and he was ready for business.
From such point of view, the method used to obtain an image--whether it be a daguerreotype, calotype
, gelatin silver print, or digital image--is secondary.
An article, "Early Photography" by Peter Johnson UE, provided an analysis of several emerging methods in photography from the daguerreotype to the Calotype
or Talbotype, the Ambrotype, the Tintype or Ferrotype and the Carte-de-Viste (Card Photography).
The fragility of these stripped images playfully evokes both the earliest photographic processes and photography's theorizations: the daguerreotype, the calotype
, and the idea that they possessed the ability to embalm time.
Ora, quatro anos apos patentear sua principal descoberta (o calotype
, em 1840), publica o primeiro livro ilustrado com fotografias e que recebe o titulo nada fortuito de The Pencil of Nature.