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n. pl. Calusa or Ca·lu·sas
1. A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting the southwest coast of Florida from Tampa Bay to the Florida Keys. The Calusa were extinct by the mid-1700s.
2. The extinct language of the Calusa, of unknown linguistic affiliation.

[Calusa, fierce people (sense uncertain); perhaps akin to Choctaw kallo, strong.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Some Calusas equated conversion with enslavement (p.
Hann has produced a comprehensive English source book concerning the Calusa Indians of South Florida and their neighbors as seen through Spanish eyes.
Parts Two and Three provide additional documentation about the Calusa in the late sixteenth and early eighteenth centuries respectively.
The Calusa Indians whom Europeans encountered in South Florida in the early sixteenth century formed a "complex and powerful society" with their own religious beliefs, rituals, and art.
The Franciscans' brief mission to the Calusa in late 1697 was based on the presupposition that the Native Americans sincerely wished to be incorporated into the Catholic Church (baptized); Spain simply needed to provide the missionaries to accomplish this task.
The plan to bring the remaining Calusa to Cuba in 1710 was killed by bureaucratic procrastination and in-fighting.