Camisard


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Related to Camisard: Huguenots, Cathars, Cevennes

Cam´i`sard


n.1.One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; - so called from the peasant's smock (camise) which they wore.
References in periodicals archive ?
It will become the standard text in any language on the Camisard War of 1702-1704, which opposed royal troops of "church and state" to the Protestant rebels of the Cevennes, in south central France, north of Montpellier and south of the Mont-Lozere.
39) Caroline Jacot-Grapa proposes some interesting parallels between religious enthusiasm as experienced by the Camisards and aesthetic enthusiasm as conceived by Diderot and Rousseau; see "Le camisard et le philosophe: sur l'enthousiasme" in Les Extremites des emotions.
In From a Far Country, Catharine Randall attempts to enhance the transatlantic narrative of French Protestantism by linking the Camisard experiences of persecution, piety, and prophecy in France with Huguenot experiences of immigration, adaptation, and survival in New England.
Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes (1879) is Stevenson's chronicle of a journey in the southern French mountain range where 'the tyranny of the Church produced the Camisard rebellion', an early 18th-century uprising of local Protestants of which Stevenson, himself brought up in a Protestant household, wrote sympathetically.
It is simply not true to say that "it is usually argued that militancy of any sort was alien to the Huguenots as a group," (98) since the contrary is amply demonstrated by their armed resistance as late as the 1620s, their participation in the Williamite wars from 1688, and the Camisard revolt in the Cevennes in the early eighteenth century.
Une parodie de Han d'Islande, publiee en 18z4 sous le titre evocateur de Og et signee par un certain Victor Vignon--pseudonyme qui pourrait dissimuler Restif de la Bretonne--ne s'y etait pas trompee dans sa dedicace: "A JEAN SBOGAR et a ses successeurs Le Vampire, le Solitaire, le Camisard, Han d'Islande, Le Renegat, Le Centenaire, Le Paria Francais, Ipsiboe, Ourika, Le Damne, etc.
Cosmos, who is not further identified, uses the 1707 publication of those depositions to reconstruct the outbreaks of prophesying at forbidden assemblies after 1700 and the immediate origins of the Camisard war, which broke out in the region in July 1702.
Lynn neglects to mention that these untrained Camisards frequently defeated Marshal Montrevel's crack troops during early engagements of the Camisard War (pp.
One step further back, French Protestant peasants in the Cevennes of southern France, who have maintained to the present day an astoundingly dense collective commemoration of their ancestors' Camisard uprising against Louis XIV in 1702-4, will, while talking about the Camisards, slip without a break to their own memories of being in the French Resistance in 1942-4, which was seen by them then, and is still seen now, as a modern re-enactment of the Camisard movement.
The Camisard rising did not prefigure the Peninsular War, and Boles suggests that the fruitless wait for British support on 1704-5 cost the Camisards their vital momentum and their early strategic advantage.
This author's most recent book adds an original element to recent scholarship on the Huguenot diaspora by examining the influence of the Camisard movement on international Protestantism.
Philippe Joutard stresses the important of the Cevennes as a rallying centre for French Protestantism with echoes of the Camisard rebellions appealing directly to the geographically-linked memories of ordinary Protestant families.