capsaicin

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Related to Capsaicinoid: Oleoresin capsicum

cap·sa·i·cin

 (kăp-sā′ĭ-sĭn)
n.
A pungent alkaloid, C18H27NO3, derived from certain capsicums that is a strong irritant to skin and mucous membranes and is used in some topical pain relievers and in pepper sprays.

[Alteration (perhaps influenced by Latin capsa, box) of earlier capsicin : capsic(um) + -in.]

capsaicin

(kæpˈseɪɪsɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a colourless crystalline bitter alkaloid found in capsicums and used as a flavouring in vinegar and pickles. Formula: C18H27O3N
[C19 capsicine, from capsicum + -ine2; modern form refashioned from Latin capsa box, case + -in]

cap•sa•i•cin

(kæpˈseɪ ə sɪn)

n.
a colorless, crystalline, bitter compound, C18H27NO3, present in capsicum.
[1885–90; earlier capsicine= capsic (um) + -ine2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.capsaicin - colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
capsicum, capsicum pepper plant, pepper - any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
chemical irritant - a substance producing irritation
Translations

capsaicin

n capsaicina
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Kashmir Media services,scores of people have been injured by weapons including marbles fired from slingshots, pellet guns and the so-called pepper grenades, which are packed with chemicals and a capsaicinoid concentrate.
Additional third-line agents include antidepressants such as bupropion, citalopram, and paroxetine, along with topical agents such as capsaicinoid that inhibits the pain-eliciting substance P [86-88].
To obtain the capsaicinoid fraction, the lipophilic fraction was isolated from ethanol extract in a Sep-Pak [C.
Capsaicinoid compounds, which give chilies their culinary kick, have the happy effect of discouraging a seed-rotting fungus.
In 1912, a pharmacist named Scoville came up with a heat index for measuring the 'heat' in a chilli product, or scoring capsaicinoid content.
4% Capsaicinoid Concentration (non-toxic): The new product is hotter than other pepper sprays on the market.
8), (9) Indeed, animal and human studies have shown that capsaicinoid ingestion causes a reduction in the percentage of body fat.
Correlation of capsaicinoid values obtained using the two techniques was significant.
12) However, quantitative capsaicinoid concentrations of capsicum oleoresin samples may not always relate to their Scoville Heat Units designations.
Four years ago, researchers at the Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer at the University of Nebraska in Omaha showed that capsaicin, the predominant capsaicinoid, can cause genetic mutation in the Ames test -- a quick bacterial assay used to screen for possible carcinogens.