captive

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cap·tive

 (kăp′tĭv)
n.
1. One, such as a prisoner of war, who is forcibly confined, subjugated, or enslaved.
2. One held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion.
3. A subsidiary that serves only its parent company.
adj.
1. Taken and held prisoner, as in war.
2. Held in bondage; enslaved.
3. Kept under restraint or control; confined: captive birds.
4. Enraptured, as by beauty; captivated.
5. Restrained by circumstances that prevent free choice: a captive audience; a captive market.
6. Serving a single company exclusively: a captive insurer.

[Middle English captif, from Old French, from Latin captīvus, from captus, past participle of capere, to seize; see kap- in Indo-European roots.]

captive

(ˈkæptɪv)
n
1. a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2. a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion: a captive of love.
adj
3. held as prisoner
4. held under restriction or control; confined: captive water held behind a dam.
5. captivated; enraptured
6. unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
[C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take]

cap•tive

(ˈkæp tɪv)

n.
1. a prisoner.
2. a person who is enslaved or dominated: a captive of one's own fears.
adj.
3. made or held prisoner, esp. in war.
4. kept in confinement or restraint: captive animals.
5. enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated.
6. unable to avoid listening or attending to something: a captive audience.
[1300–50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus=capt(us), past participle of capere to take + -īvus -ive]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.captive - a person who is confinedcaptive - a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
unfortunate, unfortunate person - a person who suffers misfortune
convict, yard bird, yardbird, con, inmate - a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison
detainee, political detainee - some held in custody
hostage, surety - a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
internee - a person who is interned; "the internees were enemy aliens and suspected terrorists"
political prisoner - someone who is imprisoned because of their political views
POW, prisoner of war - a person who surrenders to (or is taken by) the enemy in time of war
2.captive - an animal that is confined
animal, animate being, beast, creature, fauna, brute - a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
3.captive - a person held in the grip of a strong emotion or passion
emotional person - a person subject to strong states of emotion
Adj.1.captive - being in captivity
unfree - hampered and not free; not able to act at will
2.captive - giving or marked by complete attention to; "that engrossed look or rapt delight"; "then wrapped in dreams"; "so intent on this fantastic...narrative that she hardly stirred"- Walter de la Mare; "rapt with wonder"; "wrapped in thought"
attentive - (often followed by `to') giving care or attention; "attentive to details"; "the nurse was attentive to her patient"; "an attentive suitor"

captive

adjective
1. confined, caged, imprisoned, locked up, enslaved, incarcerated, ensnared, subjugated, penned, restricted Her heart had begun to pound inside her chest like a captive animal.
noun
1. prisoner, hostage, convict, prisoner of war, detainee, internee He described the difficulties of surviving for four months as a captive.
Translations
أسيرأَسيْر، سَبِي
zajateczajatý
fangefangetindespærret
اسير
vanki
zarobljenicazarobljenik
bezártelzártfogoly
fangifanginn, í haldi
belaisvisgrobėjasnelaisvėnelaisvėje laikomaspagauti
gūsteknissagūstīts
zajateczajatý
ujetnik

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
A. ADJ [animal, bird, person] → cautivo
to take sb captivehacer prisionero a algn
to hold sb captivetener or mantener prisionero or cautivo a algn
he had a captive audiencela gente no tenía más remedio que escucharle
captive marketmercado m cautivo
B. Ncautivo/a m/f, preso/a m/f

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
adj (= in captivity) [person] → prisonnier/ière; [animal] → captif/ive
ncaptif/ive m/f
to take sb captive → faire qn prisonnier
to hold sb captive → garder qn en captivitécaptive breeding nélevage m en captivitécaptive market nmarché m captif

captive

nGefangene(r) mf; to take somebody captivejdn gefangen nehmen; to hold somebody captivejdn gefangen halten; (fig)jdn fesseln, jdn gefangen nehmen
adj persongefangen; animal, birdin Gefangenschaft; in a captive statein Gefangenschaft f; a captive audienceein unfreiwilliges Publikum; captive breedingZucht f(von artbedrohten Tieren) in Gefangenschaft

captive

[ˈkæptɪv]
1. adj (person) → prigioniero/a; (animal) → in cattività
he had a captive audience → i presenti hanno dovuto ascoltarlo per forza
2. nprigioniero/a
to hold sb captive → tenere prigioniero qn

captive

(ˈkӕptiv) noun
a prisoner. Two of the captives escaped.
adjective
kept prisoner. captive soldiers; The children were taken/held captive.
capˈtivity noun
a state of being a prisoner, caged etc. animals in captivity in a zoo.
ˈcaptor noun
a person who captures someone. He managed to escape from his captors.
ˈcapture (-tʃə) verb
1. to take by force, skill etc. The soldiers captured the castle; Several animals were captured.
2. to take possession of (a person's attention etc). The story captured his imagination.
noun
1. the act of capturing.
2. something caught. A kangaroo was his most recent capture.
References in classic literature ?
And in the biggest canoe house, the club house of the stags, where no Mary might come under penalty of death by torture, the captives were stored.
In the mean time Le Balafre moved with a slow and painful step towards the captives.
As if the infirmities of old age - the gray hair, the wrinkles at the corners of the eyes, and the knotted veins of the hands - were the symptoms of moral poison, they prowl about the quays with an underhand air of gloating over the broken spirit of noble captives.
they cried, in a triumphant chorus, and at once sprang from the rocks and surrounded their captives on all sides.
Ozma was thinking of the time when with Dorothy and her army she marched to the Nome King's underground cavern, beyond the Land of Ev, and forced the old monarch to liberate his captives, who belonged to the Royal Family of Ev.
Further, none of the captives were called to swear to the body of the maid, and now it is too late, and that man who lay beside her was not killed by Galazi in the cave.
Chains and shackles, which had been the portion of former captives, from whom active exertions to escape had been apprehended, hung rusted and empty on the walls of the prison, and in the rings of one of those sets of fetters there remained two mouldering bones, which seemed to have been once those of the human leg, as if some prisoner had been left not only to perish there, but to be consumed to a skeleton.
At this moment the captive came up, having been until now otherwise engaged, and seeing that they all stood round his companion and that she made no reply to what they addressed to her, he said, "Ladies, this damsel hardly understands my language and can speak none but that of her own country, for which reason she does not and cannot answer what has been asked of her.
He watched his slightest movement, however, with eager eyes; and, as he traced the fine outline of his admirably proportioned and active frame, he endeavored to persuade himself, that, if the powers of man, seconded by such noble resolution, could bear one harmless through so severe a trial, the youthful captive before him might hope for success in the hazardous race he was about to run.
He fell in battle with a company of Abyssinian cavalry that held me captive.
This was my first experience with a Martian watch dog, but it was destined not to be my last, for this fellow guarded me carefully during the time I remained a captive among these green men; twice saving my life, and never voluntarily being away from me a moment.
It was an old soldier of the guards who could not see his king pass captive before him without rendering him this final homage.