carbohydrate

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Related to Carbohydrate metabolism: glycolysis

car·bo·hy·drate

 (kär′bō-hī′drāt′)
n.
1. Any of a group of organic compounds, including sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums, that contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen and that originate chiefly as products of photosynthesis. Carbohydrates serve as a major energy source for living things.
2. A food, such as bread, rice, or potatoes, that is composed largely of these substances.

carbohydrate

(ˌkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars, such as sucrose, and polysaccharides, such as cellulose, glycogen, and starch, that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with the general formula Cm(H2O)n: an important source of food and energy for animals. Informal term: carb

car•bo•hy•drate

(ˌkɑr boʊˈhaɪ dreɪt, -bə-)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, including starches and sugars, produced in green plants by photosynthesis: important source of food for animals and people.
[1865–70]

car·bo·hy·drate

(kär′bō-hī′drāt′)
Any of a large class of organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with twice as many hydrogen atoms as carbon or oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates are produced in green plants by photosynthesis and serve as a major energy source in animal diets. Sugars, starches, and cellulose are all carbohydrates.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbohydrate - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animalscarbohydrate - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ribose - a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
beet sugar - sugar made from sugar beets
cane sugar - sucrose obtained from sugar cane
deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
invert sugar - a mixture of equal parts of glucose and fructose resulting from the hydrolysis of sucrose; found naturally in fruits; sweeter than glucose
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
maple sugar - sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
oligosaccharide - any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
jaggary, jaggery, jagghery - unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
wood sugar, xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
Translations
كابوهيدرات: هيدراتات الفحمكَرْبُوهَيْدرات
sachariduhlovodan
kulhydrat
hiilihydraatti
ugljikohidrat
szénhidrát
kolvetnisykra, kolvetni
炭水化物たんすいかぶつ
탄수화물
angliavandenis
ogļhidrāts
uhľohydrát
kolhydrat
คาร์โบไฮเดรท
hyđat-cacbonhyđrat cácbon

carbohydrate

[ˈkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt] N (Chem) → hidrato m de carbono; (= starch in food) → fécula f

carbohydrate

[ˌkɑːrbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt]
n (CHEMISTRY) (= substance) → glucide m, hydrate m de carbone carbohydrates
npl (= foods) → farineux mpl, féculents mpl
modif
a high-carbohydrate diet → une alimentation riche en glucides
a low-carbohydrate diet → une alimentation pauvre en glucidescar bomb nvoiture f piégéecar bombing nattentat m à la voiture piégée

carbohydrate

nKohle(n)hydrat nt

carbohydrate

[ˌkɑːbəʊˈhaɪdreɪt] n (Chem) (starchy food) → carboidrato

carbohydrate

(kaːbəˈhaidreit) noun
(any of a group of) substances containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, especially the sugars and starches found in food. Potatoes are full of carbohydrate.

carbohydrate

كَرْبُوهَيْدرات sacharid kulhydrat Kohlenhydrat υδατάνθρακας hidrato de carbono hiilihydraatti glucides ugljikohidrat carboidrato 炭水化物 탄수화물 koolhydraat karbohydrat węglowodan carboidrato, hidrato de carbono углевод kolhydrat คาร์โบไฮเดรท karbonhidrat hyđrat cácbon 碳水化合物

car·bo·hy·drate

n. carbohidrato, grupo de compuestos de carbono, hidrógeno y oxígeno entre los que se encuentran los almidones, azúcares y celulosas;
___ loadingcargada carbohidratos.

carbohydrate

n carbohidrato, hidrato de carbono; complex — carbohidrato complejo; simple — carbohidrato simple
References in periodicals archive ?
According to researcher Ali Imran, black tea acts as anti-diabetic agent by enhancing protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism, improving insulin activity and possibly by preventing cells damage.
These trends come and go, but one thing is clear: we need to understand carbohydrate metabolism and how we as food and dietary supplement professionals can ride these trends.
Indeed, women with ICP are more susceptible to developing GDM and have significant biochemical and endocrine changes such as increased basal endogenous glucose production, decreased insulin sensitivity, and reduced GLP1 secretion from enteroendocrine L-cells that result in altered carbohydrate metabolism while they are cholestatic.
The change of carbohydrate content in the fish diet induces pronounced changes in carbohydrate metabolism, especially in the activity of key enzymes of carbohydrate metabolism in the liver (Leung and Woo, 2012).
Proponents of the glycemic index claim that a low-GI diet can reduce risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease," explained Katherine Beals, PhD, RD, FACSM, consultant to the United States Potato Board and expert on carbohydrate metabolism.
Hormonal contraception can potentially alter the hypothalamic-pituitary axis and cortisol and carbohydrate metabolism, the investigators noted.
high-intensity exercise, how resistance exercise utilizes fat as an energy source, and how fat oxidation is elevated in the postworkout period; dietary fat intake strategies to enhance performance, including fat loading and the use of fatty acid-containing supplements; carbohydrate metabolism, with discussion of skeletal muscle glycogen depletion, lactate formation, and glycolysis; dietary carbohydrate strategies for performance enhancement, including daily intake recommendations, low-carbohydrate diets, and methods for rapidly synthesizing muscle glycogen; protein metabolism, types of high and low-quality protein, sources, intake and frequency, and the role of leucine in muscle protein synthesis; nutrient timing; energy balance; enhancing body composition; and hydration and performance.
There were observable changes in vitamin and carbohydrate metabolism, protein and amino acid function, as well as lipid metabolism.
Specifically, thiamine is part of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), which is necessary for the conversion for carbohydrate metabolism.
These vitamins are essential in the sense that the body requires them to promote fat, protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
Carnitine plays a critical role in myocardial energy metabolism, as the transporter of long chain fatty acyl intermediates across the inner mitochondrial membrane for oxidation and as a central regulator of carbohydrate metabolism.

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