nitrile

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ni·trile

 (nī′trəl)
n.
1. An organic molecule containing a CN group, an organic derivative of hydrocyanic acid.
2. An oil-resistant copolymer of acrylonitrile and butadiene, used especially for disposable gloves, gaskets, seals, and tubing. Also called nitrile rubber.

[nitr(o)- + -ile, chemical suff. (probably variant of -yl).]

nitrile

(ˈnaɪtrɪl; -traɪl)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of organic compounds containing the monovalent group -CN. Also called (not in technical usage): cyanide

ni•trile

(ˈnaɪ trɪl, -tril, -traɪl)

n.
any of a class of organic compounds with the general formula RC≡N.
[1840–50; niter + -ile, perhaps variant of -yl]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
acrylonitrile, propenonitrile, vinyl cyanide - a colorless liquid unsaturated nitrile made from propene
References in periodicals archive ?
Sixty-two of the compounds exhibited strong absorption peaks, of which 13 are known or suspected carcinogens (including benzene, ethylbenzene, benzeneacetonitrile, acetonitrile, quinoline, isoquinoline, sterene, diethyl phthalate, 2-methylpyridine, naphthalene carbonitrile, and propene) and more than 20 are known environmental toxins causing acute toxic effects on exposure (including carbon monoxide, p-xylene, phenol, toluene, benzaldehyde, benzenedicarboxylic acid [phthalic acid], and long-chain and cyclic hydrocarbons).
2-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-1- carbonitrile (3) White solid; isolated Yield (ruthenium metal complex 85%, eosin Y 90%); Mp: 100-101degC.
Synthesis of 2-(2-Hydroxybenzylideneamino)-6- phenv1-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene-3- carbonitrile (Schiff-Base Monomer)