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1. The bivalent group C═O.
2. A metal compound, such as Ni(CO)4, containing the CO group.

car′bon·yl′ic adj.


(ˈkɑːbəˌnaɪl; -nɪl)
1. (Elements & Compounds) (modifier) of, consisting of, or containing the divalent group =CO: a carbonyl group or radical.
2. (Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of inorganic complexes in which carbonyl groups are bound directly to metal atoms
carbonylic adj


(ˈkɑr bə nɪl)
a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide, as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.carbonyl - a compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
carbonyl group - the bivalent radical CO
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Adj.1.carbonyl - relating to or containing the carbonyl group
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
References in periodicals archive ?
omega]]-di-Boc-guanidyf) propanal with Fmoc hydrazine, while the required carbonyl compound was prepared by guanylation of 3-amino-propanol with N,N'-bis-Boc-S-methylisothiourea, followed by oxidation with the Dess-Martin reagent [12].
A role of CAN has been proposed to activate the carbonyl compound by binding of CAN with the carbonyl oxygen which ultimately enhances the electrophilicity of the carbonyl carbon leads to increase in the reaction rate.
It is a remarkably simple process that includes only two components: the carbonyl compound and formamide.
The literature indicates that the reaction of a nucleophile with a carbonyl compound is often catalyzed by acid.
The Nottingham team, however, has found that hydrogen mixes very well with supercritical carbon dioxide at 80-100atmos, allowing the reaction to add hydrogen or nitrogen atoms as needed to the carbonyl compound.
This structure decomposes to Zwitterion (1) and a carbonyl compound (2), which can recombine to a normal ozonide (3).
A carbonyl compound is reduced to an alcohol via a metal hydride.
Symmetric BODIPYs can be obtained from the condensation of two identical pyrrolic units and a carbonyl compound (aldehyde or acyl chloride) in a reaction catalyzed by a strong acid, which is commonly hydrobromic acid (HBr) or trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) (Figure 1).
alpha], [beta]-Unsaturated carbonyl compound derivatives were reported to be active as antibacterial, antifungal, antimutagenic, anticancer, antioxidant, anticoagulant, antiangiogenesis, antitumor and anticarcinogen activity [2-11].
Carbonyl compound concentrations were determined through calibration curves prepared using certified standard solutions of DNPH-carbonyl derivatives purchased commercially (Supelco, Inc.
The 1979 Nobel prize was given to George Wittig for the development of this reaction, in which a carbonyl compound is turned into an olefin.
The boron carbonyl compound BCO and OCBBCO have been characterized to have linear ground quadruplet and singlet state respectively byquantum chemical calculations.