had heard of Galileo's observations and wished to know if they were true and what implications they held.
Robert Cardinal Bellarmine
, acting on behalf of the Holy Office, privately warned Galileo not to teach the Copernican view as having been established, and Galileo apparently agreed to comply.
I also naively assume that there is a Catholic consensus over the fact that Galileo had reneged on a deal he had struck with Cardinal Bellarmine
regarding a theory that would not be taught as fact until more evidence had been collected.
In 1615 Robert Cardinal Bellarmine
demanded a "true demonstration"
28) But before the release of this decree Pope Paul V instructed Cardinal Bellarmine
to meet with Galileo to the make the Church's case clear.
It was meant to represent Cardinal Bellarmine
, one of the Roman Catholic leaders of the counter-Reformation who may have been seen as a bogeyman in Protestant England and Germany.
I started off with one of my favorite quotes, from Cardinal Bellarmine
in a letter written to Foscarini, a Carmelite collaborator with Galileo in 1615:
Newman's conversion had emphasized the doctrinal continuity and stability of the Roman Church, in opposition to the emotive, ahistorical vicissitudes of "private judgment" Wiseman imported what Schwartz rightly terms an "Italianate model" of the Catholic Church (20): a vision of the Catholic Church Cardinal Bellarmine
defined (in response to England's James I) as "the perfect society," seamlessly hierarchical and culminating in the prominent and sovereign personage of the Pope.
7) The first trial in 1615 focused primarily on the scientific, philosophical, and theological issues concerning Copernicanism while the second trial was concerned primarily with whether Galileo had violated the terms of the agreement negotiated by Cardinal Bellarmine
, who unfortunately died years before the second trial.
One such Huguenot, Pierre de Moulin, James wished to conscript in his pamphleteering against the likes of Cardinal Bellarmine
at the Council of Trent stated that the Reformation churches were not part of the true church because they were not missionary-sending churches.
ROBERT CARDINAL BELLARMINE
(1542--1621) Born to a noble family, Bellarmine was well read in both Copernicus and Galileo and understood the mathematical foundations within the writings of each.