Such was the state of affairs at the very moment we introduced our readers to the study of Cardinal Mazarin
-- once that of Cardinal Richelieu.
All eyes, after having admired the young king, so handsome and so agreeable, sought for that other king of France, much otherwise king than the former, and so old, so pale, so bent, that people called him the Cardinal Mazarin
Le Grand Mazarin" which is named after Cardinal Mazarin
, an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister to the kings of France, Louis XIII and Louis XIV, from 1642 until his death.
Vasilyev Artyom, head of TSU's department of manuscripts and rare books, says other digitization projects are underway, including that of rare 17th-century "French Mazarinades," political pamphlets produced when Cardinal Mazarin
held sway at the court of Louis XIV.
The collaborative work of Yves Jego (a politician and the author of several works of fiction and non-fiction) and Denis Lepee (an environmental adviser and historical novelist) "The Sun King Conspiracy" is fast-paced historical mystery that features many real-life seventeenth-century characters including Moliere, La Fontaine, Cardinal Mazarin
, and Louis XIV, as well as famous locations, including the Louvre palace, Versailles, and the chateau of Vaux-le-Vicomte.
The rebellions were directed against the regency government headed by Louis XIV's mother Anne and her adviser Cardinal Mazarin
Eight years later, upon the death of Cardinal Mazarin
, the King claims the throne and demands his autocratic power over all affairs of state and art.
But later in Paris he was idolized by two nieces of Cardinal Mazarin
An ageing D'Artagnan attempts to reunite his former colleagues to save the Queen from the scheming Cardinal Mazarin
Nevertheless, a visit to the exhibition or careful scrutiny of the excellent color plates in the catalogue helps us to understand why collectors, such as Cardinal Mazarin
, devoted considerable personal attention and great treasure to the acquisition of tapestries for their residences and churches.
James's nuanced study shows that even though Richelieu failed to lay the foundations for French naval greatness, during his tenure as grand-maitre, he steered the ship of state through stormy waters and left a legacy robust enough for Cardinal Mazarin
to challenge the ship money fleets of England, quash the Fronde at Bordeaux, and pressure Spain into signing the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.
Louis was monarch from 1643, but for the first 18 years of his reign Cardinal Mazarin
and/or Queen Mother Ann of Austria did most of the decision making, including on matters of church patronage.