reindeer(redirected from Caribou (zoology))
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n. pl. reindeer or rein·deers
A large deer (Rangifer tarandus) of the Arctic tundra and northern boreal forests, having large hooves and long branched antlers in both sexes, and widely domesticated in Eurasia. Subspecies native to North America and Greenland are usually called caribou.
[Middle English reindere : Old Norse hreinn, reindeer; see ker- in Indo-European roots + Middle English der, animal; see deer.]
Word History: The word reindeer has nothing to do with reins. The element -deer in reindeer is indeed our word deer, but the element rein- has a different origin. Rein, "leather strap for guiding animals," comes from Old French resne, while the rein- in reindeer is of Scandinavian origin. Wild reindeer once roamed Great Britain in prehistoric times, but they had become extinct long before the Anglo-Saxons invaded the island, or even before the Celts settled it in ancient times. (The small herd of wild reindeer that currently lives in Scotland descends from animals imported from Scandinavia.) To most people in medieval England and Scotland, the reindeer was a foreign creature living in distant Scandinavia, and it is therefore not surprising that the English name of this animal contains an element borrowed from a Scandinavian source. The rein- in Middle English reindere (Modern English reindeer) comes from the Old Norse word for the reindeer, hreinn.
n, pl -deer or -deers
(Animals) a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, having large branched antlers in the male and female and inhabiting the arctic regions of Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It also occurs in North America, where it is known as a caribou
[C14: from Old Norse hreindӯri, from hreinn reindeer + dyr animal; related to Dutch rendier, German Rentier; see deer]
n., pl. -deer, (occasionally) -deers.
a large deer, Rangifer tarandus, of N and arctic regions of the world: both male and female have antlers. Compare caribou.
[1350–1400; Middle English raynder(e) < Old Norse hreindȳri=hreinn reindeer + dȳr animal (c. deer)]
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|Noun||1.||reindeer - Arctic deer with large antlers in both sexes; called `reindeer' in Eurasia and `caribou' in North America|
Rangifer caribou, woodland caribou - any of several large caribou living in coniferous forests of southern Canada; in some classifications included in the species Rangifer tarandus
con tuần lộc
reindeer[ˈreɪndɪəʳ] N (reindeer, reindeers (pl)) → reno m
reindeer[ˈreɪndɪər] [reindeer] [ˈreɪndɪər] (pl) n → renne m
n pl <-> → Ren(tier) nt; Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer → Rudolf Rotnase m
reindeer[ˈreɪnˌdɪəʳ] n pl inv → renna
reindeer(ˈreindiə) – plural ˈreindeer – noun
a kind of large deer found in Northern Europe, Asia and America. rendier رنَّه، أيِّل северен елен rena sob das Ren rensdyr τάρανδοςreno põhjapõder گوزن شمالی poro renne אַיָיל הַצָפוֹן एक प्रकार का हिरण sob rénszarvas rusa kutub hreindÿr renna となかい 순록(馴鹿) šiaurės elnias ziemeļbriedis rusa kutub rendierreinsdyrrenifer ګاوزه، قطبى ګاوزه rena ren северный олень sob irvas ren กวางขนาดใหญ่แถบขั้วโลกเหนือ ren geyiği 馴鹿 північний олень ہرن کی قسم کا جانور tuần lộc 驯鹿