Scholars of religion and theology begin by engaging French philosopher Jacques Derrida's (1930-2004) The Animal That Therefore I Am as a significant challenge to Cartesian philosophy
and Western theology, then range broadly in animal studies, animality studies, the study of religion and animals, anthrozoology, and various other names for the emerging transdisciplinary conversations about humans and other animals.
Vermij argues that the Dutch fascination with Newton (in his various guises) was occasioned by a complex social and intellectual context (1) to find an answer to the confessional strife of the seventeenth century, (2) to respond to and find an alternative to Cartesian philosophy
, and (3) to deliver a decisive blow to Spinoza.
The Renaissance tendency to "[put] primacy on the [individual] will" was paired with skeptical Cartesian philosophy
to yield the isolated, "monadic," classical-modern self caught between dyadic oppositions--mind/body, consciousness/other, self/world, and individual/collective.
This philosophical closet drama stresses the centrality of Cornelian Wonder (Admiration) over the traditional Pity and Fear of Aristotle, thus planting the new Cartesian philosophy
firmly in English theatrical soil.
His own project, construed as a reflection on the philosophical foundations of cognitive science, targets precisely Cartesian philosophy
as the mindset dominating cognitive science from which the new approach needs to escape (1995; 2008).
Even the collapse of Newtonian physics could not eliminate the baggage of Cartesian philosophy
This article has been inspired by Dussel's critique of Cartesian philosophy
and by his world-historical work on the conquest of the Americas in the long 16th century.
1) Here, a playful tweak on Cartesian philosophy
shifts the emphasis from rational to animal in the construction of the human as the quintessential rational animal, while the homonymic pun on etre/suivre displaces ontology in favour of temporality and contingency (p.
of South Florida), and thus any discussion of Cartesian philosophy
must account for the way Descartes reacted to and was influenced by the scholastics and other philosophers of 17th-century Europe.
This is presumably not to say that newcomers to Descartes' philosophy--undergraduates, for example--should not read the Meditations; on the contrary, newcomers to Cartesian philosophy
are precisely the intended audience of that work, according to Cunning.
Though orthodox, Vernet assimilated aspects of Arminianism, Cartesian philosophy
, and Anglican moderatism, and arrived at a middle way similar to that of Warburton, with an accent on Christian ethics and practice rather than doctrine.
Research in common factors indicates that Cartesian philosophy
of science has misled mental health practitioners into searching for specific treatments for specific problems, and unwittingly invited practitioners to develop allegiances to particular treatments.