Catherine de' Medici

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Cath·e·rine de Mé·di·cis

 (kăth′ər-ĭn də mā-dē-sēs′, kăth′rĭn, kät-rēn′) or Catherine de' Me·di·ci (mĕd′ĭ-chē′, mĕd′ē-) 1519-1589.
Queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority (1560-1563) of her son Charles IX. She continued to wield power until the end of Charles's reign (1574).

Catherine de' Medici

or

Catherine de Médicis

n
(Biography) 1519–89, queen of Henry II of France; mother of Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III of France; regent of France (1560–74). She was largely responsible for the massacre of Protestants on Saint Bartholomew's Day (1572)