Cathar


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Cath·ar

 (kăth′är)
n. pl. Cath·a·ri (-ə-rī′) or Cath·ars
A member of a Christian sect flourishing in western Europe in the 1100s and 1200s, whose dualistic belief, embracing asceticism and identifying the world as the creation of a satanic Demiurge, was condemned by the Church as heretical.

[French Cathare, from sing. of Medieval Latin Catharī, from Late Greek Katharoi, from pl. of Greek katharos, pure.]

Cath′ar adj.
Cath′a·rism n.
Cath′a·rist adj. & n.

Cathar

(ˈkæθə) or

Catharist

n, pl -ars, -ari (-ərɪ) or -arists
(Christian Churches, other) a member of a Christian sect in Provence in the 12th and 13th centuries who believed the material world was evil and only the spiritual was good
[from Medieval Latin Cathari, from Greek katharoi the pure]
ˈCatharˌism n
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cathars, devotees of an offshoot of the Catholic church, are remembered in the Cathar trail, incorporating castles which oppressed locals built to protect themselves from the Catholics who sought to destroy them as heretics.
Soon, however, he comes to appreciate Pagan's fierce intelligence and loyalty, and his political and leadership skills--especially when the Pope sends an army of Crusaders to crush the Cathar heretics, and despite Pagan's best efforts to make peace, the city of Carcassone is besieged.
The landscape is dominated by the Cathar fortresses built on high ledges of rock by medieval heretics fleeing the Inquisition.
This is a sound, readable introduction to the Cathar dualist heresy and to the society and politics of southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, based on a synthesis of recent scholarship, much of it French.
In this study of Catharism in 13th-century Orvieto, Lansing develops the argument that "the struggle over the Cathar faith was at the heart of a set of crucial and interrelated changes in 13th-century Italian towns, the creation of independent civic authority and institutions in association with the restructuring of Catholic orthodoxy and authority and the narrowing of gender roles" (5).
Selected departures Mar to Jun, Sep & Oct 2015 from Liverpool & Manchester Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
Flying Direct from Birmingham Selected dates Apr to Jun 2015 Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
Services of a tour representative Carcassonne, Cathar Country & Catalonia Flying Direct from Cardiff & Bristol Selected dates Mar - Jun 2015 Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
8 days from PS649 Carcassonne, Cathar Country & Catalonia Flying Direct from Liverpool & Manchester Selected dates Jun, Sep & Oct Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
Flying Direct from Leeds Bradford & Manchester Departs Apr to Jun, Sep & Oct 2014 Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
Services of a tour representative 8 days from PS649 Carcassonne, Cathar Country & Catalonia Flying direct from Newcastle Departs March-June, September & October 2014 Cathar country in Languedoc-Roussillon is a land of legend, mystery and stunning scenery.
7-hectare holding was within the shadow of the old Cathar ruin of Chateau Queribus and contained some highly-treasured oldvine grenache planted in black slate and producing very low yields.