Little Sophie had become Catherine II
, ruler of the Russian Empire.
During particular periods, Russians leaders like Catherine II
had severely limited the ability of the Orthodox Church to evangelize or reach out to non-Orthodox Christians and Tatar Muslims of the area.
His hatred towards the Muslims was so intense that he confided to Catherine II
of Russia: Overcome the Turks, and I will die content.
Within these rooms and down long hallways, the viewer encounters Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, Catherine II
, Nicholas and Alexander, the last supper of the Romanovs, and a finale ball that serves as a metaphoric fireworks show that stands in for the end of the Russian empire.
The Bolshoi Ballet Academy, founded in 1763 by Russian Empress Catherine II
, prides itself in producing the best ballet dancers in the world.
BIOGRAPHY Catherine the Great by Simon Dixon (Profile, priced pounds 25) CATHERINE the Great (1729-1796), who ruled Russia as Catherine II
from 1762 until her death, remains notorious because of her many lovers, but her achievements are largely unknown today.
On page 219 Marker identifies the person who was to become Catherine II
as "daughter-in-law" of Empress Elizabeth; she was the wife of Elizabeth's nephew and daughter-in-law of Elizabeth's sister.
He was the son of one of the richest European bankers of the time, with Hope money being used to fund the wars of Catherine II
, the Louisiana Purchase and the expansionist ambitions of the Napoleonic Empire.
Like Tsarina Catherine II
, her grandson Alexander I collected collections, amongst them that of Josephine de Beauharnais, the first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte.
In making this overlooked connection, he discusses why this particular saint became linked to the legitimacy of female rule in Russia, and profiles previous female rulers and Catherine II
It is a Catherine II
The Great pen, number 0266 of a limited edition of 4810.
She was declared empress as Catherine II
after Peter was overthrown in a palace coup - led by her lover Count Grigory Orlov - and she proceeded to rule Russia for 34 eventful years.