Catherine de' Medici
, an Italian noblewoman who was Queen of France from 1547 until 1559, tasked the Italian landscape architect Bernard de Carnesse with building the garden in line with the Italian Renaissance style between the Seine river in the south, the rue Saint-Honore in the north, the Louvre in the east and the city walls in the west.
After Henry's death, his widow Catherine de' Medici
took residence and reigned from Chenonceau as Queen Regent, laying more formal gardens and building a gallery on top of the bridge, giving the chateau its unusual but beautiful appearance.
Knecht has already written extensively about this period, including a life of Catherine de' Medici
, Henry's formidable mother.
When he is introduced to Catherine de' Medici
(Hannelore Hoger), the Catholic queen of France, she arranges a marriage between Henry and her daughter Margot (Armelle Deutsch), certain the alliance will stop the budding conflict.
Mary was fifteen and Francis fourteen when they were married with spectacular pageantry and magnificence in the cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris, by the Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen, in the presence of Henry II, Queen Catherine de' Medici
, the princes and princesses of the blood and a glittering throng of cardinals and nobles.
Catherine de' Medici
is occasionally mentioned as providing favors for Louis de Gonzague, yet otherwise is curiously absent from the analysis.
Like Elizabeth I, Catherine de' Medici
, and Isabella d'Este, and in common with all female regents in the medieval and early modern periods, the Medici widows required justification of their status as rulers.
His mother, Catherine de' Medici
, died soon afterwards.
The portrait is one of a collection of drawings attributed to Francois Clouet and his workshop that belonged to Marguerite's sister-in-law, Catherine de' Medici
, and is now in the Musee Conde at Chantilly.
But finally it triumphed in the reign of Henry II, when the cooks from beyond the mountains came and settled in France, and that is one of the least debts we owe to that crowd of corrupt Italians who served at the court of Catherine de' Medici
The documents here include autographs from Francis I, Henry III and Henry IV as well as Catherine de' Medici
Eliane Viennot, in her biography of Marguerite de Valois--youngest daughter of Henri II and Catherine de' Medici
and queen consort of Henry IV--adopts a similar strategy, employing this princess's given name when discussing the person and Margot, Ronsard's invention to allegorize her in a bergerie, to indicate her myth.