vertebra

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ver·te·bra

(vûr′tə-brə)
n. pl. ver·te·brae (-brā′, -brē′) or ver·te·bras
Any of the segments, composed of cartilage in cartilaginous fishes and of bone in other vertebrates, that form the spinal column.

[Middle English, from Latin, from vertere, to turn; see wer-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

vertebra

(ˈvɜːtɪbrə)
n, pl -brae (-briː) or -bras
(Anatomy) one of the bony segments of the spinal column
[C17: from Latin: joint of the spine, from vertere to turn]
ˈvertebral adj
ˈvertebrally adv

ver•te•bra

(ˈvɜr tə brə)

n., pl. -brae (-ˌbri, -ˌbreɪ) -bras.
any of the bones or segments of the spinal column, consisting in higher vertebrates of a cylindrical body with two projections, forming an arch surrounding the spinal cord. See also diag. at spinal column.
[1570–80; < Latin: (spinal) joint =verte(re) to turn (see verse) + -bra n. suffix]

ver·te·bra

(vûr′tə-brə)
Plural vertebrae (vûr′tə-brā′, vûr′tə-brē′) or vertebras
Any of the bones that make up the vertebral column. Each vertebra contains a hollow section through which the spinal cord passes. See more at skeleton.

vertebra

A bone of the vertebral column.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vertebra - one of the bony segments of the spinal column
bone, os - rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates
centrum - the main body of a vertebra
apophysis - (anatomy) a natural outgrowth or projection on an organ or body part such as the process of a vertebra
transverse process - one of two processes that extend from each vertebra and provide the point of articulation for the ribs
spinal column, spine, vertebral column, rachis, backbone, back - the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord; "the fall broke his back"
cervical vertebra, neck bone - one of 7 vertebrae in the human spine located in the neck region
dorsal vertebra, thoracic vertebra - one of 12 vertebrae in the human vertebral column; thoracic vertebrae extend from the seventh cervical vertebra down to the first lumbar vertebra
lumbar vertebra - one of 5 vertebrae in the human vertebral column; lumbar vertebrae extend from the twelfth thoracic vertebra down to the sacral vertebrae
sacral vertebra - one of 5 vertebrae in the human spine that fuse in the adult to form the sacrum
caudal vertebra, coccygeal vertebra - one of 4 vertebrae in the human coccyx
Translations
فَقْرَه
obratel
ryghvirvel
nikama
csigolyahátcsigolya
hryggjarliîur
vertebra
stuburinisstuburo slankstelis
skriemelis
stavec
vretence

vertebra

[ˈvɜːtɪbrə] N (vertebras or vertebrae (pl)) [ˈvɜːtɪbriː]vértebra f

vertebra

[ˈvɜːrtɪbrə] [vertebrae] [ˈvɜːrtɪbreɪ] (pl) nvertèbre f

vertebra

n pl <-e> → Rückenwirbel m

vertebra

[ˈvɜːtɪbrə] n (vertebrae (pl)) [ˈvɜːtibriː]vertebra

vertebra

(ˈvəːtibrə) plural ˈvertebrae (-briː) noun
any of the bones of the spine. She has a broken vertebra.
ˈvertebrate (-brət) noun, adjective
(an animal) having a backbone. Insects are not vertebrates.

ver·te·bra

n. vértebra, cada uno de los treinta y tres huesos que forman la columna vertebral;
cervical ______ cervical;
coccygeal ______ coccígea;
lumbar ______ lumbar;
sacral ______ sacra;
thoracic ______ torácica.

vertebra

n (pl -brae) vértebra
References in periodicals archive ?
8): precaudal vertebrae 11; caudal vertebrae (including terminal element) 16; vertebrae 3-11 with pleural rib articulating with respective parapophyses; twelve pairs of epineurals, articulating with vertebrae as follows: epineurals 1, 2 with corresponding parapophyses, 3-10 with corresponding pleural ribs, epineural 11 reduced and not articulating with pleural rib and 12 highly reduced and embedded in tissue; first caudal vertebra with expanded haemal arch and tiny haemal spine; haemal arch comprising elongate parapophyses, "rib-like" in appearance in lateral view; where parapophyses join ventrally to form haemal arch, a nubbin of bone (haemal spine) projecting posteriorly (Fig.
They are given as the number of precaudal + the number of caudal vertebrae, and includes the compound terminal centrum (not stated in Holleman 1982).
Fish vertebrae, dentaries, premaxillae and otoliths (in addition to small mammal bones) were also sorted from the [is less than] 4mm fraction, to assess fish size distributions and the relative abundance of small posterior caudal vertebrae which would be lost through larger screen sizes.
Essentially, in type A, the last two abdominal vertebrae are of the usual perciform configuration in that they lack a bony connection across the midline between the bases of the paired haemal arches, and the first (and often subsequent two to three) caudal vertebrae have a single greatly enlarged canal with only the tips of the haemal arches fused together in the midline.
Anterior parapophyses small, directed laterally, anteroposterior series becoming larger, directed posteriorly to form haemal arches of caudal vertebrae.
Placed within the subfamily Ammodytinae, which also includes the genera Gymnammodytes and Hyperoplus, Ammodytes is diagnosed by the presence of scales deeply embedded in dermal plicae below the lateral line, a highly protrusible upper jaw (Pietsch, 1984), and non-expanded neural and haemal spines on the caudal vertebrae (Ida et al.